NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 3 Power Sharing (Democratic Politics-II) Part 3

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 3: Democracy & Diversity

Question 7. Arrange the following statements in a logical sequence and select the right answers by using the code given below.

  1. But all political expression of social divisions need not be always dangerous.

  2. Social divisions of one kind or the other exist in most countries.

  3. Parties try to win political support by appealing to social divisions.

  4. Some social differences may result in social divisions.

(a) D, B, C, A

(b) D, B, A, C

(c) D, A, C, B

(d) A, B, C, D

Answer: (a)

Explanation:

  1. Some social differences may result in social divisions.

  2. Social divisions of one kind or the other exist in most countries.

  3. Parties try to win political support by appealing to social divisions.

  4. But all political expression of social divisions need not be always dangerous.

Question 8. Among the following, which country suffered disintegration due to political fights on the basis of religious and ethnic identities?

(a) Belgium

(b) India

(c) Yugoslavia

(d) Netherlands

Answer: (c)

Explanation:

Yugoslavia was breakdown during 1990s as a result of political disruptions and conflicts, after World War II Yugoslavia is divided in to six republics named:

  1. Slovenia

  2. Croatia

  3. Bosnia and Herzegovina

  4. Serbia

  5. Montenegro

  6. Macedonia

Map of Yugoslavia

Map of Yugoslavia

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Question 9. Read the following passage from a famous speech by Martin Luther king Jr. in 1963. Which social division is he talking about? What are his aspirations and anxieties? Do you see a relationship between this speech and the incident in Mexico Olympics mentioned in this chapter?

"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character. Let freedom ring − when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children − back men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics − will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: 'Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!' I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'we hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal'."

Answer:

  • Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. is talking about discrimination in USA. He is talking about the segregation policies of Whites for the Colored people.

  • He wishes for a country where all have security, where no one will be abused because of colour and skin, and everyone will be equal.

  • This communication and the Mexico Olympics incident are aimed to highlight the plight of the African-American people.