NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste (Democratic Politics-II) Part 1

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Question 1. Mention different aspects of life in which women are discriminated or disadvantaged in India.

Answer:

Women are treated as differentiated and disadvantaged in Inida and that’s way their life is different compared to men in the following ways:

  1. Women don’t get more opportunity of education compared to men. So, that the women literacy rate is just 54% in 2001.

    Literacy Rate in India

    Literacy Rate in India

    Literacy Rate in India

  2. Women are not paid for most of the labour and if paid then it is lesser then men.

  3. In India boy child are promoted lots so ratio of female foeticide is goes higher and higher in many parts of the country.

Child Sex Ratio

Child Sex Ratio

Child Sex Ratio

Question 2. State different forms of communal politics with one example each.

Answer:

Different forms of communal politics:

  1. The well-known expression of communal superiority in everyday beliefs and its best example is Militant religious groups.

  2. In many situations communalism becomes ugly riots, India and Pakistan is the most famous example of it because both the countries suffered had gone through worst communal riots at the time of partition.

  3. Other communal politics form is aspiration of forming majoritarian dominance or separate state Separatist leaders and political parties for example Jammu and Kashmir and Central India.

  4. Many time religious symbols were used by leaders in politics to divert and inflate votes from large religious communities.

  5. Communal politics may also lead to the communal violence and riots, and its best example is the riots in Gujarat in 2002.

    Riots in Gujarat in 2002

    Riots in Gujarat in 2002

    Riots in Gujarat in 2002

Question 3. State how caste inequalities are still continuing in India.

Answer:

Caste inequalities are still present in India and we can fill it, because of following reasons:

  • People still marry with their own caste or tribe peoples.

  • Still in many rural areas despite constitutional prohibition, untouchability is not ended completely.

  • For ‘low castes’ education is yet not available easily.

  • In pre-independence India, 'low castes' peoples are mostly poor whereas the rich are the 'high castes', so the caste inequalities are still continuing in India and that’s way economic status is closely related to the caste system.

Question 4. State two reasons to say that caste alone cannot determine election results in India.

Answer:

Reasons why Caste alone cannot determine election results in India:

  • Any political party cannot will all the votes of the same cast or communities. When any cast is recognizing as ‘vote bank’ it didn’t mean that all the voters of that cast voting for same party, it means most of the peoples vote for that cast.

  • Any constituency of parliament doesn’t have clear majority of one single caste. So every political parties have to keep in mind all the caste if they aims to win election.