NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste (Democratic Politics-II) Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 4: Gender, Religion and Caste

Question 5. What is the status of women՚s representation in India՚s legislative bodies?


  • Women participation ratio in politics is too poor in Inida.
  • India lies in the bottom group of nations in the world.
Women Part of Legislative Bodies
  • In Lok Sabha women members are less than 10 % whereas there is only 5 % in the State Assemblies.
  • But in local governing body women participation is more because, according to laws one-third of seats in local government bodies means panchayats and municipalities are reserved for women, so there are more than 10 lakh women legislatures in rural and urban local bodies.

Question 6. Mention any two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state.


Secularism means all the religions treated as equal in the country. And Inida is a secular nation it is proved from 42nd Amendment of the Constitution of India enacted in 1976.

Following are two constitutional provisions that make India a secular state:

  1. All the religion people have right to own, follow and spread any under the Rights of Religion.
  2. The Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion under the Cultural and Educational rights.

Question 7. When we speak of gender divisions, we usually refer to:

  1. Biological difference between men and women
  2. Unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women
  3. Unequal child sex ratio
  4. Absence of voting rights for women in democracies

Answer: (b)


  • Gender division is referring to the unequal roles assigned by the society to men and women.
  • Gender division tends to be understood as natural and unchangeable.
  • It is a form of hierarchical social division seen everywhere but it rarely recognised in study of politics.
  • Even if in 21st century still women doesn՚t get equal rights as men in various fields such as in family, workplace, society etc.

Question 8. In India seats are reserved for women in

  1. Lok Sabha
  2. State Legislative Assemblies
  3. Cabinets
  4. Panchayati Raj bodies

Answer: (d)


Panchayati Raj: It was constituted under the constitutional amendment in 1992. According to Gandhi ji Panchayati raj is a foundation system of Indian Polity.

  • It can be at district level and at village level administrative body.
  • From 27th August 2009,50 % of sits were made reserved for women in some of the Indian states and they are: Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan and Tripura.
50 % Reserved for Panchayati Raj Women
  • Kodassery panchayat of Kerala have 100 % women administrative.

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