NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 4 Gender, Religion and Caste (Democratic Politics-II) Part 3

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 4: Gender, Religion and Caste

Question 9. Consider the following statements on the meaning of communal politics. Communal politics is based on the belief that:

  1. One religion is superior to that of others.

  2. People belonging to different religions can live together happily as equal citizens.

  3. Followers of a particular religion constitute one community.

  4. State power cannot be used to establish the domination of one religious group over others.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

  1. A, B, C and D

  2. A, B and D

  3. A and C

  4. B and D

Answer: (c)

Explanation:

The three basic premises of communal politics:

  1. The same religion followers have common political, economic, cultural and social interests.

  2. The multi-religious society such as India, followers of one religion are different from the interests of the followers of another religion.

  3. The interests of the followers of different religions are seen to be jointly incompatible, incompatible and unreceptive.

Question 10. Which among the following statements about India’s Constitution is wrong? It

  1. Prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion

  2. Gives official status to one religion

  3. Provides to all individuals freedom to profess any religion

  4. Ensures equality of citizens within religious communities

Answer: (b)

Explanation:

  • Gives official status to one religion statements about India’s Constitution is wrong.

  • Because in Indian constitution all the citizens are equal and it doesn’t depends on religious communities.

  • Other statements are related with India’s Constitution.

Question 11. Social divisions based on ________ are peculiar to India.

Answer:

Social divisions based on caste are peculiar to India.

Explanation:

  • Basically social divisions include division of peoples based on class, race, gender and geographic location, differences lifestyle and experience but in India social divisions are result of social inequality based on cast and these divisions indicates authority of people to access resources and opportunities.

Question 12. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists:

Match List I with List II

List I

List II

(1) A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men

(A) Communalist

(2) A person who says that religion is the principal basis of community

(B) Feminist

(3) A person who thinks that caste is the principal basis of

community

(C) Secularist

(4) A person who does not discriminate others on the basis of

religious beliefs

(D) Castiest

Code:

Find the correct code

1

2

3

4

(a)

B

C

A

D

(b)

B

A

D

C

(c)

D

C

A

B

(d)

C

A

B

D

Answer: D

List I match with List II

List I

List II

(1) A person who believes in equal rights and opportunities for women and men

Secularist

(2) A person who says that religion is the principal basis of community

Communalist

(3) A person who thinks that caste is the principal basis of

community

Feminist

(4) A person who does not discriminate others on the basis of

religious beliefs

Castiest