NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements (Democratic Politics-II) Part 1

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Question 1. In what ways do pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics?

Answer:

Pressure groups and movements exert influence on politics in the following ways:

  • To gain public sympathy they for their by organizing information campaigns, meetings, filing petitions, mass media etc. to get public attention.

  • They starts strikes and disruptions to rise their voice and also because government note their demands.

  • For example: anti-corruption movement of Anna Hazare in 2011

  • They take decision in informal and flexible way.

  • They prefer advertise their movement by holdings put up in whole city so that people can get idea about what is going on.

Question 2. Describe the forms of relationship between pressure groups and political parties?

Answer:

The relationship between political parties and pressure groups can’t be in the same form every time it can be in different forms such as:

  • Pressure groups are made by politicians and political parties and also leaded by them. For example almost all the trade unions and organizations of students in India are either formed or connected to the major political party.

  • In some cases Political parties sometimes formed from these movements for example DMK and AIADMK (All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) were formed during movements.

    Logo of AIADMK

    Logo of AIADMK

    Logo of AIADMK

  • In many cases the subjects of pressure or movement groups are followed by political parties to make change in the policies of the parties.

Question 3. Explain how the activities of pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government.

Answer:

Here are some ways in which activities of pressure groups are useful in the functioning of a democratic government:

  • Pressure groups deepened the democracy because they provide opportunity for marginalized people to give their opinions.

  • In some of the cases opinion governments might be influenced by a small group of rich and powerful people.

  • The pressure groups may force the government to make beneficial policies for other sections of society.