NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements (Democratic Politics-II) Part 2

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 5: Popular Struggle and Movements

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Question 4. What is a pressure group? Give a few examples.

Answer:

  • A pressure group is an organisation; they influence people’s opinion on government policies through protests and demonstrations.

  • When people of similar opinions are getting together with same objectives then pressure groups are formed.

  • Best examples of pressure groups are:

    • FEDECOR

    • BAMCEF

    • Narmada Bachao Andolan in India

Question 5. What is the difference between a pressure group and a political party?

Answer:

The major difference between pressure groups and political parties are:

Difference between pressure groups and political parties

Pressure groups

Political parties

∙ Pressure groups are groups which influence people’s opinion on government policies through protests and demonstrations.

∙ Political parties are groups of peoples who have power in the government.

∙ No any election process.

∙ They are chosen by election.

∙ They indirectly connected and share powers in the government.

∙ They are directly share power in the government.

∙ Informal organization

∙ Formal organization

For example: BJP , Congress

For example: BAMCEF, FEDECOR

Question 6. Organizations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers, and lawyers are called _____________ groups.

Answer:

Organizations that undertake activities to promote the interests of specific social sections such as workers, employees, teachers, and lawyers are called sectional interest groups.

Sectional interest groups:

  • Sectional interest groups are those who promote the interests of a particular section or group of society and they represent the section of society.

  • Sectional interest groups are aimed to betterment of their members not society in general.

  • For example: the Bolivian organizations FEDECOR and Indian trade Union.

Question 7. Which among the following is the special feature that distinguishes a pressure group from a political party?

  1. Parties take political stances, while pressure groups do not bother about political issues.

  2. Pressure groups are confined to a few people, while parties involve larger number of people.

  3. Pressure groups do not seek to get into power, while political parties do.

  4. Pressure groups do not seek to mobilize people, while parties do.

Answer: C

Explanation:

  • Pressure groups are mainly working for influence people’s opinion on government policies through protests and demonstrations.

  • They are indirectly connected with governments because members of political parties are somehow connected to pressure groups but they are do no aims to get into power such as political parties.