NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 5 Popular Struggles and Movements (Democratic Politics-II) Part 3 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 5: Popular Struggle and Movements

Question 8. Match List I (organizations and struggles) with List II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

Match List I (Organizations and Struggles) with List II
List IList II
1. Organizations that seek to promote the interests of a particular section or group.(A) Movement
2. Organizations that seek to promote common interest.(B) Political parties
3. Struggles launched for the resolution of a social problem with or without an organizational structure.(C) Sectional interest groups
4. Organizations that mobilize people with a view to win political.(D) Public interest groups

Codes:

Codes Are Given in Table
1234
(a)CDBA
(b)CDAB
(c)DCBA
(d)BCDA

Answer: D

List I (Organizations and Struggles) Match with List II
List IList II
1. Organizations that seek to promote the interests of a particular section or group.Political parties
2. Organizations that seek to promote common interest.Sectional interest groups
3. Struggles launched for the resolution of a social problem with or without an organizational structure.Public interest groups
4. Organizations that mobilize people with a view to win political.Movement

Question 9. Match List I with list II and select the correct answer using the codes given below the lists:

Match List I with List II and Select the Correct Answer
List IList II
1. Pressure group(A) Narmada Bachao Andolan
2. Long-term movement(B) Asom Gana Parishad
3. Single issue movement(C) Women՚s Movement
4. Political party(D) Fertilizer dealers՚ association

Code:

Match List I with List II Code Are Given
1234
(a)DCAB
(b)BADC
(c)CDBA
(d)BDCA

Answer: A

Match the List I with List II
List IList II
1. Pressure groupAsom Gana Parishad
2. Long-term movementWomen՚s Movement
3. Single issue movementFertilizer dealers՚ association
4. Political partyNarmada Bachao Andolan

Question 10. Consider the following statements about pressure groups and parties.

  1. Pressure groups are the organized expression of the interests and views of specific social sections.
  2. Pressure groups take positions on political issues.
  3. All pressure groups are political parties.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. A, B and C
  2. A and B
  3. B and C
  4. A and C

Answer: B

Explanation:

  • A pressure group is an organisation; they influence people՚s opinion on government policies through protests and demonstrations.
  • When people of similar opinions are getting together with same objectives then pressure groups are formed.

Question 11. Mewat is one of the most backward areas in Haryana. It used to be a part of two districts, Gurgaon and Faridabad. The people of Mewat felt that the area will get better attention if it were to become a separate district. But political parties were indifferent to this sentiment. The demand for a separate district was raised by Mewat Educational and Social Organisation and Mewat Saksharta Samiti in 1996. Later, Mewat Vikas Sabha was founded in 2000 and carried out a series of public awareness campaigns. This forced both the major parties, Congress and the Indian National Lok Dal, to announce their support for the new district before the assembly elections held in February 2005. The new district came into existence in July 2005.

In this example what is the relationship that you observe among movement, political parties and the government? Can you think of an example that shows a relationship different from this one?

Mewat, Haryana, India

Answer:

  • In Mewat issues of movements was ignored by political parties.
  • But when Political parties impellent their own manifestoes they influenced by these demands.
  • At to the end the party which got power in government had ended implementing steps which fulfil these demands.

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