NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 6 Political Parties (Democratic Politics-II) Part 1

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Question 1. State the various functions political parties perform in a democracy.

Answer:

Functions performed by political parties in a democracy:

  • Political parties put their candidates in the race of elections and they might be selected by the top leaders or members of the party.

  • Parties represent their policies and Programmes to get more votes in their favour.

  • Political parties have important role in making laws for the country because any laws will not become a bill until majority parties support it.

  • Political parties established and run governments.

  • The election loosening party’s act as opposition to the ruling parties.

  • Political parties are an important connection between the government and the people.

  • People firstly approach their local leader than a government official.

  • The local leader listen to the public request, otherwise they can lose the next election.

Question 2. What are the various challenges faced by political parties?

Answer:

Various challenges faced by political parties:

Lack of internal democracy:

  • Whenever power is in the hands of a few leaders. So most of the top positions are reserved for the leaders’ relatives or people who are close to them.

  • So, ordinary members cannot get chance to be part of politician parties and also don’t have idea about what is going internally.

  • Every members doesn’t get chance to take part in every decision-making process.

  • No proper organization or registration of member.

Money and Muscle Power:

  • Money is the basic need to bring up demonstrations, public meetings and speeches to publicize the image of the party.

  • So first preference of party was those candidates who can raise money for the party and can win elections with their money.

  • Some of the times criminals also promoted by parties so that they can win election.

Meaningful choice to others:

  • All most all the political parties represent same fundamental and ideological issues.

  • So voters get confuse about their choice, even if leaders also keep changing their parties so voters get more confuse.

Question 3. Suggest some reforms to strengthen parties so that they perform their functions well?

Answer:

To strengthen political parties following reformation might works:

  • To regulate internal activities of parties a law should be introduce and make them more transparent.

  • There should be compulsory one-third tickets reserved for women.

  • Election campaigns should be founded by state so lobbying groups and unfair competition will be removed.

Question 4. What is a political party?

Answer:

  • A group of people who follow same ideology and come together to challenge elections and grasp power in the government is known as a political party.

  • Party agrees on some proposed policies and programmes.

  • It’s promoting to the collective good or furthering their supporters' interests.

  • Presently, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) from India is the world's largest political party in terms of primary membership.