NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 6 Political Parties (Democratic Politics-II) Part 3

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NCERT Class 10 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 6: Political Parties

Question 8. Who among the following is the founder of the Bahujan Samaj Party?

  1. Kanshi Ram

  2. Sahu Maharaj

  3. Β.R. Ambedker

  4. Jotiba Phule

Answer: A

Explanation:

  • Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) is the third largest political party in India after BJP and Congress.

Symbol of Bahujan Samaj Party

Symbol of Bahujan Samaj Party

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  • It was founded by Kanshi Ram in 1984 to represent Bahujans (majority of people) form SC, ST, OBC and minority cast.

Kanshi Ram

Kanshi Ram

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Question 9: What is the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party?

  1. Bahujan Samaj

  2. Revolutionary democracy

  3. Integral humanism

  4. Modernity

Answer: C

Explanation: Integral Humanism, the guiding philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party

  • Integral humanism is a doctrine developed by Deendayal Upadhyaya and adopted by the Jana Sangh in 1965 as its official doctrine. It is also the official philosophy of the Bharatiya Janata Party.

  • Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya has presented it in the form of four lectures in Bombay on April 22-25, 1965.

Question 10. Consider the following statements on parties.

  1. Political parties do not enjoy much trust among the people.

  2. Parties are often rocked by scandals involving top party leaders.

  3. Parties are not necessary to run governments.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. A, B and C

  2. A and B

  3. B and C

  4. A and C

Answer: B

Explanation:

  1. People don’t put much trust on political parties because they make many promises before elections but ones they elected they do no implement them.

  2. We can see in news that leaders of political parties are involved in crime to fill their money requirements and many other reasons.

  3. Parties which are elected must have to run governments.

So, C statement is not correct and both A and B are true.

Question 11. Read the following passage and answer the questions given below:

Muhammad Yunus is a famous economist of Bangladesh. He received several international honors for his efforts to promote economic and social development for the benefit of the poor. He and the Grameen Bank he started jointly received the Noble Peace Prize for 2006. In February 2007, he decided to launch a political party and contest in the parliamentary elections. His objective was to foster proper leadership, good governance and build a new Bangladesh. He felt that only a political party different from the traditional ones would bring about new political culture. His party would be democratic from the grassroots level.

The launching of the new party, called Nagarik Shakti (Citizens’ Power), has caused a stir among the Bangladeshis. While many welcomed his decisions, some did not like it. "Now I think Bangladesh will have a chance to choose between good and bad and eventually have a good government," said Shahedul Islam, a government official. "That government, we hope, would not only keep itself away from corruption but also make fighting corruption and black money a top priority."

But leaders of traditional political parties who dominated the country’s politics for decades were apprehensive. "There was no debate (over him) winning the Novel, but politics is different − very challenging and often controversial," said a senior leader of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. Some others were highly critical. They asked why he was rushing into politics. "Is he being planted in politics by mentors from outside the country," asked one political observer.

  1. Do you think Yunus made a right decision to float a new political party?

  2. Do you agree with the statements and fears expressed by various people?

  3. How do you want this new party organized to make it different from other parties?

  4. If you were the one to begin this political party how would you defend it?

Answer:

  1. Yes, Yunus had made a right decision to form a new political party and contest in the parliamentary elections.

  2. Sorry the fear in people about Yunus ‘s political party is not because winning Nobel Prize and serving as activist of political party both are different.

  3. Opinions are based on people because all the people have their personal views, so the peoples who are agents to the corruption will appreciate this move, at the other hand people who believed in corruption and get advantage pf it will be totally agents to this step.

  4. If I was one of them who formed this political party, I will prefer more to interact with population across the country directly. Regularly arrange meeting with party members, organize seminars for what to do for betterment of country? And how to win trust of common people?

So, they have faith in the ruling parties.