NCERT Class 10 Civics Solutions: Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy (Democratic Politics-II) Part 1

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 513K)

Watch video lecture on YouTube: NCERT Class 10 Political Science / Polity / Civics Chapter 7: Outcomes of Democracy NCERT Class 10 Political Science / Polity / Civics Chapter 7: Outcomes of Democracy
Loading Video

Question 1. How does democracy produce an accountable, responsive and legitimate government?

Answer:

Democracy produces an accountable responsible government:

  • Because in democracy people has the rights to choose their representatives by voting system. These elected members will take decision on behalf of the people.

  • If these representatives not work properly then people might not elect them in next election.

Democracy Produces Responsive Government:

People elect the Democratic governments so they are responsible to promote people opinion and their needs and also how to complete it.

Democracy Produces Legitimate Government:

  • A democratic government is people elected government because they believe that democracy is suitable for country.

  • In democratic countries election is regulated after some ideal time which is the unique and key feature of Democracy so the democracy produces legitimate government.

Question 2. What are the conditions under which democracies accommodate social diversities?

Answer:

  • Democracy government has to ensure safety and incapability of its citizen and also have to ensure no violence and differences between societies because country without clashes is not possible, different peoples and society have different views which arias situation of conflict and government’s duty is to stop it.

  • Here are some conditions under which democracies accommodate social diversities:

    • Democracy is not just the rule of the majority so only majority religion should not come to power.

    • The rule of the majority is not just the rule of a single religious or social community it must be for all.

    • Different person are elected to form government.

    • All the person is must treat as equal and no one should have barred based on their birth.

Question 3. Give arguments to support or oppose the following assertions:

  1. Industrialized countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich.

  2. Democracy can’t reduce inequality of incomes between different citizens.

  3. Government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and infrastructure.

  4. In democracy all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and conflict.

Answer:

  1. It is not true that industrialized countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich for examples of India and Zimbabwe.

    Indian was included in Third World nations during 1947 but now it is one of the fast-growing economies in the world.

    Map of first, second and third world

    Map of First, Second and Third World

    Map of first, second and third world

  2. Democracy can't reduce inequality of incomes between different citizens is not right statement because the Minimum Wages Act of government and many more policies regulate the basic price at which agricultural fabricators and small industries can do business and sell their goods which have increase capita income of the country, which had make its citizens more wealthy.

  3. In poor countries government spend less money for poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and infrastructure but this is not a good choice for poor countries because in that case poor people cannot afford health and education services.

  4. In democracy all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and conflict. This is not true statement because democracy means majority of people elect government not all population so there is a sure chances of conflict.