NCERT Class VI Political Science Solutions: Chapter 4-Key Elements of a Democratic Government

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Question 1:

How would Maya’s life be different in South Africa today?

Answer:

South Africa is a free country today. Maya can enjoy her life there as there no discrimination now on the basis of colour. All have equal rights.

Question 2:

What are the various ways in which people participate in the process of government?

Answer:

People can participate in the process of government today in many ways:

  • By writing letters to editors

  • By writing on social media

  • By participating in elections

  • By participating in mass protests

  • By participating in debates on television

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People Participate in the Process of Government

Images for people participate in the process of government

Question 3:

Why do you think we need the government to find solutions to many disputes or conflicts?

Answer:

Government is equally important/required to find solutions to conflicts. If it would not be there the conflicts will never be resolved and these conflicts will take the shape of violence. So people should not be left over without government’s interference.

Question 4:

What actions does the government take to ensure that all people are treated equally?

Answer:

The government takes the following actions to ensure that all people are treated equally:

  • All citizens are equal on the basis of caste, religion, gender and economic status.

  • People of backward classes are given reservation in Govt. jobs and colleges to make their status equal to others.

  • Any act of discrimination against the Untouchables is punishable according to the law.

Question 5:

Read through the chapter and discuss some of the key ideas of a democratic government. Make a list. For example, all people are equal.

Answer:

  • All citizens are equal on the basis of caste, religion, gender and economic status.

  • People of backward classes are given reservation in Govt. jobs and colleges to make their status equal to others.

  • Any act of discrimination against the Untouchables is punishable according to the law.