NCERT Class VI Political Science/Civics Solutions: Chapter 8-Rural Livelihoods (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 6 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 8: Rural Livelihoods

Question 1:

You have probably noticed that people in Kalpattu are engaged in a variety of non-farm work. List live of these.


  • Teaching
  • Shopkeeping
  • Blacksmith
  • Making baskets, utensils
  • Trading

Question 2:

List the different types of people you read about in Kalpattu who depend on farming. Who is the poorest among them and why?


There are basically 3 types of people who depend on farming are

  • Big landowners
  • Small Landowners
  • Landless farmers

Above all landless farmers are the poorest people as they get earning during the season after the harvesting season they have to search for the other works for which they are paid very less. So in Kalpattu Thulasi are the poorest one.

Question 3:

Imagine you are a member of a fishing family and you are discussing whether to take a loan from the bank for an engine. What would you say?


If I were a member of fishing family, I would have taken the loan from the bank for purchasing an engine that can improve my income because:

1. The best quality net for fishing cost very high.

2. Catamaran engine are very useful for fishing because with the help of this we can go for away to catch fishes.

A poor fisherman cannot purchase these items because they are very costly. So we must take loan from the bank to improve our social, status so increased income.

Question 4:

Poor rural labourers like Thulasi often do not have access to good medical facilities, good schools, and other resources. You have read about inequality in the first unit of this text. The difference between her and Ramalingam is one of inequality. Do you think this is a lair situation? What do you think can be done? Discuss in class.


In our country like India our constitution says everybody is having the equality of getting the medical facility, good schools and other resources. The difference between her and Ramalingam is showing the inequality of getting the facilities. It is actually a duty of government to provide the basic facilities to all the people. Loan can he provided.

Question 5:

What do you think the government can do to help farmers like Sekar when they get into debt? Discuss.


The government can help in the following ways:

  • The cultivation can be insured.
  • Free farming schools
  • Subsidy of fertilizers and pesticides
  • Low interest loans

Question 6:

Compare the situation of Sekar and Ramalingam by filling out the following table:

Compare the Situation of Sekar and Ramalingam (Q)
Land cultivated
Labour cultivated
Loans required
Selling of harvest
Other work done by them


Compare the Situation of Sekar and Ramalingam (A)
Land cultivatedAbout 2 acresAbout 20 acres
Labour cultivatedNot requiredRequired in large numbers
Loans requiredYes for seeds and fertilizersYes for setting up for Rice mills
Selling of harvestSell at low cost to the lendersSell at high cost to the traders
Other work done by themWork as labours in

Ramlingam Rice mills

Own Rice mills and several


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