NCERT Class VI Political Science Solutions: Chapter 9 – Urban Livelihoods

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Question 1:

Read and discuss the following description of the living conditions of workers who come to the labour chowk, Most workers that we find at the labour chowk cannot afford permanent accommodation and so sleep on pavements near the chowk, or they pay 6 a night for a bed at a nearby night shelter run by the Municipal Corporation. To compensate for the lack of security, local tea and cigarette shops function as banks, moneylenders and safety lockers, all rolled into one. Most workers leave their tools at these shops for the night for safekeeping, and pass on any extra money to them. The shopkeepers keep the money safely and also offer loans to labourers in need.

Source: Aman Sethi, Hindu On-line.

Answer:

  • Most workers living condition is very bad.

  • They cannot afford permanent accommodation so sleep on pavements near the chowk or pay 6 a night for a bed at a nearby shelter run by Municipal Corporation.

  • They do not have permanent jobs.

  • Local tea and cigarette shops work s banks for them and also keep their tools for the night for safekeeping.

  • Labours take loan from these shops.

Question 2:

Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different:

Complete the Following Table and Discuss How Their Work is Different (Q)
Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different (Q)

Name

Place of

work

Earnings

Security of work

Benefits received

Work on their own or employed

Bachchu Manjhi

Rs 100 a day

Harpreet, Vandana

Work on their own

Nirmala

No security

Sudha

Company

Rs 30,000 p.m.

Answer:

Complete the Following Table and Discuss How Their Work is Different (A)
Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different (A)

Name

Place of

work

Earnings

Security of work

Benefits received

Work on their own or employed

Bachchu Manjhi

Rikshaw Puller

Rs 100 a day

No security

No Benefits

Work on their own

Harpreet, Vandana

Garment Showroom

Good Earnings

Yes License to do Business

Growth in the Business

Work on their own

Nirmala

Garment Factory

Rs. 80 per day for 8 hours

No security

Rs. 40 for Extra

Employed

Sudha

Company

Rs 30,000 p.m.

Secured

Paid leave, Medical facilities, PF, etc.

Employed

Question 3:

In what ways is a permanent and regular job different from a casual job? Discuss.

Answer:

Permanent job is different from casual job

Permanent Job is Different from Casual Job
Permanent job is different from casual job

Permanent Job

Casual job

Working hours

Fixed

Variable

Job security

Secured

Not secured

Payments

Fixed

Not fixed

Paid holidays and leaves

Yes

No

Extra benefits

Yes

No

Question 4:

What benefits does Sudha get along with her salary?

Answer:

Sudha will get the following benefits:

  • She is having the permanent job and that is secured.

  • She will get the medical facilities for her and her family.

  • She will get the facility for savings for old age as provident fund.

  • She will get the government holidays and Sundays as non-working days.

Question 5:

Fill in the following table to show the services provided by people in the markets which you visit frequently.

This table shows the services provided by people in the markets

Table Shows the Services Provided by People in the Markets

This table shows the services provided by people in the markets

Answer:

Table shows the name of the shop and the services provided in the market which you visit frequently

Name of the Shop and the Services Provided in the Market

Table shows the name of the shop and the services provided in the market which you visit frequently