NCERT Class VI Political Science/Civics Solutions: Chapter 9 – Urban Livelihoods (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 6 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 9: Urban Livelihoods

Question 1:

Read and discuss the following description of the living conditions of workers who come to the labour chowk, Most workers that we find at the labour chowk cannot afford permanent accommodation and so sleep on pavements near the chowk, or they pay 6 a night for a bed at a nearby night shelter run by the Municipal Corporation. To compensate for the lack of security, local tea and cigarette shops function as banks, moneylenders and safety lockers, all rolled into one. Most workers leave their tools at these shops for the night for safekeeping, and pass on any extra money to them. The shopkeepers keep the money safely and also offer loans to labourers in need.

Source: Aman Sethi, Hindu On-line.

Answer:

  • Most workers living condition is very bad.
  • They cannot afford permanent accommodation so sleep on pavements near the chowk or pay 6 a night for a bed at a nearby shelter run by Municipal Corporation.
  • They do not have permanent jobs.
  • Local tea and cigarette shops work s banks for them and also keep their tools for the night for safekeeping.
  • Labours take loan from these shops.

Question 2:

Complete the following table and discuss how their work is different:

Complete the Following Table and Discuss How Their Work is Different (Q)
NamePlace of

work

EarningsSecurity of workBenefits receivedWork on their own or employed
Bachchu Manjhi₹ 100 a day
Harpreet, VandanaWork on their own
NirmalaNo security
SudhaCompany₹ 30,000 p. m.

Answer:

Complete the Following Table and Discuss How Their Work is Different (A)
NamePlace of

work

EarningsSecurity of workBenefits receivedWork on their own or employed
Bachchu ManjhiRikshaw Puller₹ 100 a dayNo securityNo BenefitsWork on their own
Harpreet, VandanaGarment ShowroomGood EarningsYes License to do BusinessGrowth in the BusinessWork on their own
NirmalaGarment Factory₹ 80 per day for 8 hoursNo security₹ 40 for ExtraEmployed
SudhaCompany₹ 30,000 p. m.SecuredPaid leave, Medical facilities, PF, etc.Employed

Question 3:

In what ways is a permanent and regular job different from a casual job? Discuss.

Answer:

Permanent job is different from casual job

Permanent Job is Different from Casual Job
Permanent JobCasual job
Working hoursFixedVariable
Job securitySecuredNot secured
PaymentsFixedNot fixed
Paid holidays and leavesYesNo
Extra benefitsYesNo

Question 4:

What benefits does Sudha get along with her salary?

Answer:

Sudha will get the following benefits:

  • She is having the permanent job and that is secured.
  • She will get the medical facilities for her and her family.
  • She will get the facility for savings for old age as provident fund.
  • She will get the government holidays and Sundays as non-working days.

Question 5:

Fill in the following table to show the services provided by people in the markets which you visit frequently.

This Table Shows the Services Provided by People in the Mark …

Answer:

Table Shows the Name of the Shop and the Services Provided I …