NCERT Political Science/Civics Class 7 Chapter 1 On Equality Part 1

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Q-1 In a democracy why is universal adult franchise important?

Answer:-

  • Universal adult franchise is a very important aspect of democratic societies as:

  • In a democracy every citizen is equal.

  • The concept of Universal Adult Franchise is based on equality. Therefore, it is important in a democracy.

  • It gives equal voting rights to every adult citizen and does not discriminate on the basis of age, caste, creed or any other social or economic factor.

  • It is based on the foundation of equality.

  • It makes the government more accountable towards people.

- Image of universal adult suffrage

- Image of Universal Adult Suffrage

Q-2 Re-read the box on Article 15 and state two ways in which this Article addresses inequality?

Answer:-

  • Article 15 in democracy of the constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

  • Two ways in which this Article addresses inequality:

    • It states all citizens can go to public places like shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment, etc. They cannot be stopped to enter these public places based on religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, or gender.

    • It specifically mentions that any citizen irrespective of his or her background can use wells, tanks, bathing Ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of state funds or dedicated to the use of the general public.

Q-3 In what ways was Omprakash Valmiki’s experience similar to that of the Ansaris?

Answer:-

  • In following ways Omprakash Valmiki’s experience was similar to that of the Ansaris:

    • Both of them suffered unequal treatment and were discriminated at individual level because they belonged to different castes or religions. In both cases, the dignity of the persons was not respected.

    • Both these incidents also show that through the law enforces equality; such inequalities exist within our society.

Q-4 What do you understand by the term “all persons are equal before the law’? why do you think it is important in a democracy?

Answer:-

  • The term ‘all persons are equal before the law’ means that everyone will be given justice by treating them equal.

  • From the President of the country to the common people.

  • It is important in a democracy because:

    • Democracy suggests that no one should be treated on unequal basis because of their wealth, caste, colour, religion, gender.

    • It also ensures that no one will be given more preference for the same crime.

    • It provide the people equal opportunity to defend themselves in public court.

    • It also reflects the true nature of democracy

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