NCERT Political Science/Civics Class 7 Chapter 2 Role of the Government in Health Part 1 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Q-1 In this chapter you have read that health is a wider concept than illness. Look at this quote from the constitution and explain the terms ‘living standard’ and ‘public health’ in your own words.

An important part of the constitution says it is the “duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.”


  • Living standard means the level of living of people at which they live.
  • If they live in hygienic conditions enjoying all the comforts of life, it means their living standard is high.
  • On the contrary, if they are bound to live in a filthy surroundings and drink polluted water and eat unhygienic foods, it means they lead a low standard of living.
  • Public health is the wellness of all people.
  • Irrespective of caste, religion, gender or economic status to remain healthy and free forms any disease.
  • Right to left is everyone՚s right without any discrimination.
  • That is why the healthcare is “public” and every individual is entitled to healthcare provided by the government.

Q-2 What are the different ways through which the government can take steps to provide healthcare for all? Discuss.


  • The government can take steps to provide healthcare for all by:
    1. The government could increase the number of hospitals or medical vans in rural and remote places for better access to healthcare.
    2. Sanitation facilities and proper drainage system could be improved.
    3. With the help of different agencies, the government could provide efficient filters for clean and safe drinking water.
    4. Proper garbage dumps and disposable bags should be provided and maintained.
    5. Through different campaigns and educational programmes, people should be made aware of different health problems. For example, people are made aware of diseases such as diarrhea and dysentery due to poor hygiene through advertisements.
    6. Special treatment must be there for women, who are a vital part of our society. Specialised care is needed for young mothers and pregnant women, especially those who live in remote areas.
    7. Medicines should be available either at free costs or at very low costs.
    8. Even proper toilets and washrooms should be made and maintained at every corner.
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