NCERT Political Science/Civics Class 7 Chapter 2 Role of the Government in Health Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Q-3 What differences do you find between private and public health services in your area? Use the following table to compare and contrast these.


Facility and Cost
FacilityCost of ServicesAvailability of service
PrivateExpensive (High cost)
  • The service is easily available as private health centers use modern and advanced techniques.
  • They are also not very crowded.
  • They are more accountable to the patients.
PublicCheap (low cost)
  • It is difficult to avail proper services as there is a lack of equipment.
  • The public health centers are very crowded and service is very slow and inefficient.
  • The table above concludes that private health centres provide efficient quality services.
  • Even in rural areas we can find Registered Medical Practitioner (RMP) .
  • Doctors are well educated and qualified and provide best facilities to their patients, and hence the health centres are costly.
  • There are many shops which sell medicines.
  • On the other hand, public health centres, lacking in infrastructure, provide services which don՚t match with the advanced techniques used by private ones but these facilities are cheaper in cost and are easily used by poor people.
  • They are also very poorly maintained without any hygiene.
  • The resources needed to run these public services are obtained from the money we pay to the government as taxes.
  • Preventing the spread of diseases like cholera, typhoid etc. has to be organized by the government with the participation of the people.
- Pubic vs Private Healthcare

Q-4 ‘Improvement in water and sanitation can control many diseases.’ Explain with the help of examples.


  • Improvement in water and sanitation can control numerous diseases especially water borne diseases.
  • There are several diseases that spread through contaminated water, for example, cholera, malaria, jaundice, typhoid, diarrhea, dysentery, etc.
  • By ensuring that clean safe water is available to all, such diseases can be prevented.
  • Examples:-
    • The government should check the quality of water provided at regular intervals.
    • People should be educated on the consequences of the consumption and use of contaminated water. That way, the diseases can be controlled.
    • The government should check the quality of water provided at regular intervals.
    • Awareness should be created among the public about the causes of water borne diseases.
    • Proper checks on waste disposal and sewerage treatment should be ensured.
    • Regular checks of water coolers, roof tops and whatever the water is stagnant should be conducted in every house.
    • These could prevent mosquito breeding and could save many lives.