NCERT Political Science/Civics Class 7 Chapter 3 How the State Government Works Part 1 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Q-1 Use the terms ‘constituency’ and ‘represent’ to explain who an MLA and how is the person elected?


  • Every state in India has a Legislative Assembly and each state is divided into different areas or constituencies on the basis of population for the purpose of elections.
  • For example, the state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 68 constituencies.
  • From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) .
  • Each MLA belongs to a particular political party. MLAs are elected by the people and form the government, hence, they represent the people of the respective constituencies from which they are elected.

Q-2 How did some MLAs become Ministers? Explain.


  • Ministers when their party wins more than half the number of constituencies in a state and thus forms the majority.
  • The political party that has the majority is called the ruling party and all other members are called the opposition.
  • After the elections, The MLAs from the ruling party can elect the Chief Minister of the state.
  • The Chief Minister then selects a few of the elected MLAs as ministers.
  • Not all elected MLAs can become ministers.
  • The Governor of the state appoints the Chief Minister and other ministers.
  • The Chief Minister and other ministers have the responsibility of running various government departments or ministries.
  • They have separate offices.
  • After the elections, it is the Governor of the state who appoints the Chief Minister and other ministers.

Q-3 Why should decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers be debated in the legislative Assembly?


  • The Chief Minister and other ministers take decisions and run the government.
  • Whatever decisions being taken by them have to approve by the members of the legislative assembly.
  • In a democracy, these members can ask questions, debate an important issue, decide where money should be spent etc.
  • They have the main authority.
  • Thus, decisions taken by the Chief Minister and other ministers should be debated in the Legislative Assembly for the benefit of the entire people.
  • For example:-
    • If there are issues pertaining to a change in a government policy, the issues need to be discussed in the legislative Assembly before implementing the change.
    • All members of the legislative assembly including the members of the opposition should be a part of the discussion, before any final decision is taken.
Legislative Assembly

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