NCERT Political Science/Civics Class 7 Chapter 4 Growing up as Boys and Girls Part 1 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2023)

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Q-1 Are the Statements given alongside true or false? Support your answer with the use of an example-

  1. All societies do not think similarly about the roles that boys and girls play.
  2. Our society does not make distinctions between boys and girls when they are growing up.
  3. Women who stay at home do not work.
  4. The work that women do is less valued than that of men.


  • (a) True.
    • In most societies, the roles men and women play or the work they do are not valued equally.
    • They do not have the same status.
    • It is supposed that household works must be done by women while men do the office work.
  • (b) False.
    • The distinctions between boys and girls begins from a very young age.
    • For example, both of them given different toys to play with.
    • Boys are usually given cars to play with and girl՚s dolls.
    • Additionally, they were told how girls must dress, what games boys should play, how girl՚s need to talk softly or boys need to be tough.
  • (c) False.
    • The responsibility of housework i.e.. . looking after children, cooking, washing clothes, cleaning, looking after etc.
    • Bear a lot of pressure and Hardwork.
    • Even after that, this is not recognized as work and presumed as natural work of women.
    • While women work right from morning to the night in household duties.
  • (d) True.
    • A men get paid for what they are doing in the offices and earns the livelihood while a woman who is working from morning to night in household duties are not paid for.
    • The household work is considered as natural duty of a woman and thus is less valued than that of men.

Q-2 Housework is invisible and unpaid work. Housework is physically demanding. Housework is time consuming.

Write in your own words what is meant by the terms ‘invisible’ , ‘physically demanding’ , and ‘time consuming’ ? Given one example of each based on the household tasks undertaken by women in your home.


  • Invisible:-
    • It is a work which is noticed only when it is not done.
    • In other words, if household work like cleaning, organizing things etc. is not done properly, the house looks as if it has been hit by a hurricane.
    • It is expected that the house should be clean at all times, however, women have to put in great effort to maintain the cleanliness.
  • Physically Demanding:-
    • It requires a lot of effort to do household work.
    • Work like sweeping, mopping, washing clothes etc. is very strenuous.
  • Time Consuming:-
    • Household work takes up a lot of time of women.
    • It hence leaves them with very less time for leisure.
    • Cleaning the house, attending to children etc. are non-stop tasks.
House Work