NCERT Class 7 CIVICS Solutions: A Shirt in the Market Chapter 9– Part 4

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NCERT Class 7 Political Science / Polity / Civics Chapter 9: A Shirt in the Market | English | CBSE

Long Answer Type Questions

Question 1:

Who are involved in putting-out system? How is this system advantageous and disadvantageous for the weavers?

Putting out system

Putting Out System

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Answer:

The persons involved in putting-out system are weavers and merchants

This system is advantageous for the weavers in two ways:

(a) They do not have to spend their money on the purchase of yam

(b) They are also free from the tension of selling the finished cloth

This system is disadvantageous for the weavers in these ways:

(a) They have to depend on the merchants for raw materials as well as markets

(b) Under this system the merchants become very powerful. They give orders for what is to be made and they pay a very low price for making the cloth

(c) The weavers have no way of knowing who they are making the cloth for or at what price it will be sold

Question 2:

How does market work move in favour of the rich and powerful? What are the ways to overcome them?

Answer:

It is usually the rich and the powerful who earn the maximum profits in the market. These people have money and they own the factories, the large shops, large land holdings, etc. The poor have to depend on the rich and the powerful for various things. They have to depend for loans, for raw materials and Marketing of their goods and most often for employment. This dependence makes the poor miserable. They are easily exploited in the market. They get low wages in spite of their hard labour and the rich earn huge profits at the cost of the workers. There are ways to overcome these such as forming cooperatives of producers and ensuring that laws are following strictly.