NCERT Class 8 CIVICS Solutions: The Indian Constitution Chapter 1– Part 1

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Question-1

Why does democratic country need a Constitution?

Answer:

In a Democratic country, the people from every society irrespective of their social, religious, economic and cultural background have a direct role in electing their representatives who from the government. A democratic country need a constitution since it plays a crucial role in many aspects like-

  • It lays out the important guidelines that govern decision making within the various societies of the country.

  • It lays down the ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that its citizens aspire to live in.

  • It serves as asset of rules and principles as the basis by which the country has to be governed

  • It provides rules to safeguard the interests of minorities and prevent any kind of domination by the majority on minorities.

  • It lays down rules that guard against the misuse of power by any political leader

  • It also provides right to its citizens and protects their freedom

Question 2:

Look at the wordings of the two documents given below. The first column is from the 1990 Nepal constitution. The second column is from the more recent interim constitution of Nepal.

Nepal Constitution
Nepal constitution

1990 Constitution of Nepal

Part 7: Executive

2007 Interim constitution

Part 5: Executive

Article 35: Executive Power: The executive power of the kingdom of Nepal shall be vested in His Majesty and the council of ministers.

Article 37: Executive power: The executive power of Nepal shall be vested in the council of ministers.

What is the difference in who exercises ‘Executive Power’ in the above two constitutions of Nepal? Keeping this in mind, why do you think Nepal needs a new Constitution today?

Answer:

The difference between constitution of Nepal in 1990 and 2007:

In 1990 the Executive power was vested among majesty and his council of members but in 2007 it was vested only to council of ministers.

Yes I think that it needs to be changed as Nepal is no longer now a monarchy. It is a democratic country now. According to democracy new rules are to be made that should be more favorable for the people.

Question 3:

What would happen if there were no restrictions on the power of elected representatives?

Answer:

In democracy people choose their leaders so that they can exercise power responsibly on their behalf. But there is always the possibility that these leaders might misuse their authority as per their wish which cannot be allowed in democracy. This misuse of authority can result in gross injustice and breakdown of democratic system.

Hence as a safeguard against the misuse of power by our political leaders it is necessary to have restriction on their power.

Question 4:

In each of the following situations, identify the minority. Write one reason why you think it is important to respect the views of the minority in each of these situations.

(A) In a school with 30 teachers, 20 of them are male

Answer:

Minority – Female Teachers

The Female teachers must be allowed to raise their voice so that their teaching efforts must not be hindered.

(B) In a city, 5 per cent of the population are Buddhists

Answer:

Minority – Buddhists

All persons have the right to choose religion and others have to respect for that.

(C) In a factory mess for all employees, 80 per cent are vegetarians

Answer:

Minority – non Vegetarians

Everybody has to right to choose the type of food they want

(D) In a class of 50 students, 40 belong to more well-off families

Answer:

Minority – Non Vegetarians

Citizens cannot be discriminated by their birth so their views have to be respected.

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