NCERT Class 8 CIVICS Solutions: Law and Social Justice Chapter 9– Part 1

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Question 1:

Talk to two workers (For example, construction workers, farm workers, factory workers, workers at any shop) to find out if they are receiving the minimum wages laid down by law.

Answer:

  • Farm workers are not getting minimum wages in villages

  • Women workers are not getting equal wages as that of the men which is not permitted by law

Question 2:

What are the advantages to foreign companies in setting up production in India?

Answer:

Foreign companies gain a lot of advantages by setting up production in India. These are

  • Cheap labour, i.e. wages the companies pay in developed countries is far more than wages they pay in developing countries.

  • For lower pay, companies can get additional hours of work.

  • The companies can save costs and earn higher profits.

  • Companies cut costs by including lower working conditions that consist of lower safety measures.

  • Companies take advantage of the workers’ vulnerability because one worker can easily replace another.

  • Because of much unemployment, many workers are willing to work in unsafe conditions in return for a wage. Hence, this also helps them in cutting costs.

Question 3:

Do you think the victims of the Bhopal gas tragedy got justice? Discuss

Answer:

No, the victims of the Bhopal gas tragedy did not get justice. The reasons are

There continues to be chronic health problems today.

Cancer, blindness, respiratory difficulties, immune and neurological disorders, female reproductive disorders as well as birth defects among children born to affected women are still persistent.

Cases against the guilty are still pending in courts.

The Chairman of Union Carbide is still at large, instead of being prosecuted.

Union Carbide has paid only a measly $470 million for this catastrophe, instead of $3 billion asked.

Safe drinking water for healthcare facilities and jobs for people are still lacking.

Question 4:

What do we mean we speak of law enforcement? Who is responsible for enforcement? Why is enforcement so important?

Answer:

Law enforcement is referred to as a subsystem of society that promotes adherence to the law by discovering and punishing persons who violate the rules and norms governing that society.

The government is responsible for the enforcement of law.

Enforcement is important because the rights of the citizens have to be protected. It also becomes more necessary to have stronger laws because more Indian and foreign industries are being set up. In addition, it is very important to safeguard our environment.

Question 5:

How can laws ensure that markets work in a manner that is fair? Give two examples to support your answer.

Answer:

Laws ensure that markets work in a fair manner by protecting the people from unfair practises. The two examples are

Child Labour Prevention Act: This law states that no child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engage in any other hazardous employment.

Right against Exploitation: This law states that no one can be forced to work for low wages or under bondage.

Question 6:

Imagine yourself to be a worker working in a chemical factory, which has received orders from the government to move to a different site 100km away from the present location. Write about how your life would change? Read out your responses in the classroom.

Answer:

I will have to adjust in the new environment. I will get admission in a new school where new friends and new teachers will come in contact with me. It may take much time to me to adjust in the new school because I am a little but introvert. I don’t like changes or shifting. This will definitely adversely affect my studies. But as there will be no alternatives, I will have to face the situation

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