NCERT Class 8 CIVICS Solutions: Why do we need a Parliament? Chapter 3

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Question 1:

Why do you think our national movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote?

Answer:

Our national movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote because in our struggle for independence people from all walks of life participated. They came from various backgrounds and were united in their aspirations for a free, equal and independent nation where decision-making would be in the hands of the people. The only way in which this would be possible would be through elections – allowing common people a vantage point from where they can consent to and approve of a government that “they” have a right to choose.

Question 2:

In this 2004 map of parliamentary constituencies alongside, roughly identify the constituencies in your State. What is the name of the MP from your constituency? How many MPs does your state have? Why are certain constituencies coloured green while others are coloured blue?

Constituencies in India

Constituencies in India

Answer:

Number of MPs and their names are different in different areas. So, student do yourself taking help of your parents or teacher.

Question 3:

You have read in chapter 1 that the ‘Parliamentary form of government’ that exists in India has three tiers. This includes the Parliament (central government) and the various State Legislatures (State governments). Fill in the following table with information on the various representatives from your area:

State vs central government question

State Government

Central Government

Which Political Party/Parties is/are currently in power?

Who is the current representative from your area?

Which political parties currently form the Opposition?

When were elections last held?

When will the next elections be held?

How many women representatives are there (from your state)?

Answer:

State vs central government

State Government

Central Government

Which Political Party/Parties is/are currently in power?

Indian National Congress

and Nationalist Congress Party

United Progressive Alliance (UPA)

Who is the current representative from your area?

Please write the representative’s name according to your area.

Please write the representative’s name according to your area.

Which political parties currently form the Opposition?

Bharatiya Janata Party, Shiv Sena, Nationalist Congress Party and Maharashtra Navnirman Sena

Bharatiya Janata Party and CPI(M)

When were elections last held?

2009

2009

When will the next elections be held?

2014

2014

How many women representatives are there (from your state)?

3

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