NCERT Class 8 CIVICS Solutions: Judiciary Chapter 5– Part 1

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Question 1:

You read that one of the main functions of the judiciary is ‘upholding the law and Enforcing fundamental Rights’. Why do you think an independent judiciary is necessary to carry out this important function?

Answer:

It is necessary to have an independent judiciary to carry out the basic function of “upholding the law and enforcing Fundamental Rights” because

The independence of the judiciary is an integral part of democracy.

It intends to shield the judicial process from external influences.

To provide full legal protection to all individuals going to court for whatever reason

Also, any citizen can approach the courts of law if his/her Fundamental Rights are violated, without fear of disputes being solved in favour of those in power

Question 2:

Re-read the list of fundamental Rights provided in chapter 1. How do you think the right to constitutional remedies connects to the idea of judicial review?

Answer:

The Right to Constitutional Remedies connects to the idea of judicial review in its capacity of protecting the rights of an individual against the working of the State legislature or executive. Judicial review of the court decisions are carried out when the judgment given by a court violates any constitutional provisions. In the Constitution, every citizen has equal rights and none can be discriminated against. If there are any violations, the judiciary is free to review the earlier judgments even by the Supreme Court.

Question 3:

In the following illustration, fill in each tier with judgments given by the various courts in the Sudha Goel case. Check your responses with others in class.

Courts

Courts

Answer:

Lower Court: Laxman, his mother Shakuntala and his brother-in-law Subhash Chandra were sentenced to death.

High Court: Laxman, Shakuntala and Subhash Chandra were acquitted.

Supreme Court: Laxman and Shakuntala were given life imprisonment, while Subhash Chandra was acquitted for lack of sufficient evidence.

Question 4:

Keeping the Sudha Goel case in mind, tick the sentences that are true and correct the ones that are false

(A) The accused took the case to the High Court because they were unhappy with the decision of the Trial Court.

Answer:

True

(B) They went to the High Court after the Supreme Court had given its decision.

Answer:

False

The Supreme Court is the highest court of the country, and thus, its decision is final. No one can appeal the decision made by the Supreme Court. Hence, they went to the High Court after the Trial Court had given its decision.

(C) If they do not like the Supreme Court verdict, the accused can go back again to the Trial Court.

Answer:

False

If they do not like the Supreme Court verdict, the accused cannot go back again to the Trial Court because the Supreme Court is the highest court in the judiciary pyramid.

Question 8:

Make sentences with each of the glossary words given on the next page

(A) Acquit

Answer:

The jury decided to acquit the defendant on grounds of lack of sufficient evidence to convict him of the crime.

(B)To Appeal

Answer:

The defendant decided to appeal to the High Court after his lawyer said the court’s decision was not correct.

(C) Compensation

Answer:

The airlines awarded the victim fifty thousand rupees in compensation for the trouble caused due to flight delay.

(D) Eviction

Answer:

The couple faced eviction if they failed to pay the rent soon.

(E) Violation

Answer:

The woman protested the company’s violation of her rights.

Question 9:

The following is poster made by the Right to food campaign.

Read This poster and list the duties of the government to uphold the Right to food

How does the phrase “Hungry stomachs, overflowing godown! We will not accept it! “ used in the poster relate to the photo essay on the right to food on page 61?

Death by hunger

Death by Hunger

Answer:

The constitution of India grants all Indian the Right to live. Right to live is some short associated with the Right to Food.

The duties of the government to uphold the Right to Food are as follows:

  • To Provide at least minimum food stuff to the citizens at nominal cost or free

  • To check unnecessary inflation in price of food items

  • To check the hoarding of grains of daily use like wheat, rice, sugar, etc.

  • To provide meal to poor children in the school.

‘Hungry stomachs, overflowing godowns’ is not at all acceptable in a civilized society. If the hoarding of food is not discouraged, the people with hungry stomachs will attempt to commit crimes.

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