NCERT Class 8 CIVICS Solutions: Judiciary Chapter 5 – Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Question 5:

Why do you think the introduction of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the 1980s is a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all?


The introduction of Public Interest Litigation (PIL) in the 1980s was a significant step in ensuring access to justice for all because

During that time the filing of the litigation was very costly.

The poor who used to earn daily wages for their living could not attend the hearings as it would take up a lot of time.

Also, there was a lot of paperwork that had to be done.

This step helped the poor as it allowed any individual or organisation to file a PIL in the High Court or the Supreme Court on behalf of those whose rights were being violated. In addition, the legal process was greatly simplified. Furthermore, a letter addressed to the Supreme Court or the High Court could be treated as a PIL.

Question 6:

Re-read excerpts from the judgment on the Olga Tellis VS Bombay Municipal Corporation case Now write in your own words what the judges meant when they said that the Right to Livelihood was part of the Right to life.


In the Olga Tellis vs. Bombay Municipal Corporation case, the judges stated that the Right to Livelihood was part of the Right to Life because no one can stay without the means of livelihood. If the right to livelihood is not included in the constitutional right to life, the easiest way of depriving a person of his right to life would be to deprive him of his means of livelihood. Such deprivation would make life impossible to live. Thus, which alone makes it possible to live, leave aside what makes life liveable, must be deemed to be an integral component of the right to life. In other words, deprive a person of his right to livelihood, and you shall have deprived him of his life.

Thus, it can be said that right to life means the need of basic requirements of livelihood i.e.. food, Shelter and cloth.

Question 7:

Write a story around the theme, ‘Justice delayed is justice denied’


The meaning of this phase is that if justice is not delivered at the right time, it either may lose importance or may become meaningless.

Example: Jessica Lal Case

Jessica Lal

It was a tragic situation where it could be clearly seen how justice was delayed and for a long time denied too.

Jessica Lal (1965 - 1999) , a model in New Delhi, was working as a celebrity barmaid at a crowded socialite party when she was shot dead at about 2 am on 30 April 1999. She was shot dead in full view of several people. It was on the basis of their statements that police built the case against the culprit. However, he fled the crime scene and remained on the run for days, something he would not have done had he been innocent. However, as time went by, witnesses to the murder suddenly became unable to identify him as the killer, and he was thus released on bail. On 21 February 2006, the culprit and others were acquitted. If the case would have taken more time, he would have probably remained free forever.

Following intense media and public pressure, the prosecution appealed and the Delhi High Court conducted proceedings on a fast track with daily hearings conducted over 25 days. The trial court judgement was overturned, and the culprit was found guilty of having murdered Lal. He was sentenced to life imprisonment on 20 December 2006. On 19 April 2010, the Supreme Court of India approved the sentence.

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