NCERT Class 8 CIVICS Solutions: Judiciary Chapter 6– Part 1

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Exercises

Question 1:

In a town called peace land, the supporters of the Fiesta football team learn that the supporters of the jubilee football team in the nearby city about 40 km away have damaged the ground on which the final between both teams is to be held the following day. A crowd of Fiesta fans armed with deadly weapons attacks the homes of the supporters of the jubilee football team in the town. In the attack, 10 men are killed, 5 women are gravely hurt, many homes are destroyed and over 50 people injured.

Imagine that you and your classmates are now part of the criminal justice system, First divide the class into the following four groups of persons:

1. Police

2. Public Prosecutor

3. Defense Lawyer

4. Judge

The column on the right provides a list of functions. Match these with the roles that are listed on the left. Have each group pick the functions that it needs to perform to bring justice to those who were affected by the violence of the Fiesta fans. In what order, will these functions be performed?

Roles and functions

Roles

Functions

Police

Public Prosecutor

Defence Lawyer

Judge

Hear the witnesses

Record the Statements of Witnesses

Cross Examine the Witnesses

Take Photographs of burnt homes

Record the Evidence

Arrest the Fiesta fans

Writes the Judgment

Argue the case for the victims

Decide for how many years the accused will be put in jail

Examine the witnesses in court

Pass the judgment

Get the assaulted women medically examined

Conduct a fair trial

Meet the accused persons

Now take the situation but ask one student who is a supporter of the Fiesta Club to perform all the functions listed above. Do you think the victims would get justice if only one person performed all of the functions of the criminal justice system? Why not?

State two reasons why you believe that different persons need to play different roles as part of the criminal justice system

Answer:

Police:

Records the statements of witnesses

Takes photographs of burnt homes

Arrests the Fiesta fans

Gets the assaulted women medically examined

Public Prosecutor:

Cross examines the witnesses

Argues the case for the victims

Defence Lawyer: Hears the witnesses

Examines the witnesses in court

Meets the accused persons

Judge:

Records the evidence

Writes the judgment

Decides for how many years the accused will be put in jail

Passes the judgment

Conducts a fair trial

No, if only a single person performed all of the functions of the criminal justice system, then the victims would not get justice because he could get influenced by various prejudices and absolute power can lead to unfairness.

Two reasons why different persons need to play different roles as part of the criminal justice system are

To avoid the misuse of power and unfairness in the results

A single ideology may not be the right one, and it can affect the trial and the result of the case.