NCERT Class 8 CIVICS Solutions: Public Facilities Chapter 9 – Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2023)

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Question 6:

Take some of the public facilities in your area, such as water, electricity, etc. Is there scope to improve these? What in your opinion should be done? Complete the table.

Public Facilities Question
Is it available?How can it be improved?
Public Transport


The answer to this question will vary. Although a sample answer is provided, please attempt this question on your own.

Public Facilities
Is it available?How can it be improved?
WaterYesBy checking the quality of water being supplied at proper intervals.
ElectricityYesShould not have power cuts.
RoadsYesPot holes should be filled up, and the roads should be made of a better quality.
Public TransportYesThe number of transport services provided should be increased.

Question 7:

Are the above public facilities shared equally by all the people in your area? Elaborate.


No, the above public facilities are not shared equally by all the people in the area. This is because

The public facilities provided are not sufficient for all the people in the area.

At some places, there is a charge on public facilities which is illegal.

Due to the population, people are not able to avail the public facilities provided by the government.

Question 8:

Data on some of the public facilities are collected as part of the census. Discuss with your teacher when and how the census is conducted.


The data that can be collected as a part of census vary as per the requirement. For example, censuses are of national population, housing, agriculture, business and traffic.

A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The census in India is conducted after every 10 years.

Question 9:

Private educational institutions – schools, colleges, universities, technical and vocational training institutes are coming up in our country in a big way. On the other hand, educational institutes run by the government are becoming relatively less important. What do you think would be the impact of this? Discuss.


The impact would be

The government would stop investing in building schools.

This work would be passed over to public companies.

The private companies would try to incur profits from this work.

The fees for the schools will be very high.

Children from the deprived section of society would be at a loss.

Malpractices would be encouraged.