NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Democracy in the Contemporary world (Democratic Politics-I) Chapter 1– Part 1
Q-1. Which of the following does not lead to the spread of democracy?
(a) Struggle by the people
(b) Invasion by foreign countries
(c) End of colonialism
(d) People’s desire for freedom
In the simple words Democracy means “rule of people”. It is a system of governance where all the citizens jointly make a decision by electing the representative through fair election.
Historically, countries and people have gained democracy through struggle by the people (people movement). When people fight for their freedom they want a say in governance and hence they choose democracy.
When people got rid of colonialism and oppression they again opted for democracy.
Similarly when people desire freedom they choose democracy. It is the only form of governance which respects the rights of all humans.
However when the rule is spread through invasion, it seldom results in democracy. The invaded country or region has to face an autocratic rule forced by the invaders.
Q-2. Which of the following statement is true about today’s world?
Monarchy as a form of government has vanished.
The relationship between different countries has become more democratic than ever before.
In more and more countries rulers are being elected by the people.
There are no more military dictators in the world.
Over time people of many countries of the world are realizing the advantages, fairness, freedom and liberty enjoyed by the citizens of democratic nations. Therefore democracy is becoming ever more popular with more and more countries adopting democratic rule. Although there are exceptions and we still have military dictators (Syria) and monarchies (Saudi Arabia).