NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Democracy in the Contemporary world (Democratic Politics-I) Chapter 1– Part 2

Q-3. Use one of the following statements to complete the sentence: Democracy in the international organizations requires that …

  1. The rich countries should have a greater say.

  2. Countries should have a say according to their military power.

  3. Countries should be treated with respect in proportion to their population.

  4. All countries in the world should be treated equally.

Answer: (c)

Democracy is the rule by the people, for the people and of the people. To be fair in any democracy must ensure proper representation.

Indeas and perspectives of democracy

Democracy: Values and Building Blocks

Indeas and perspectives of democracy

The government should represent all segments of society, rich and poor; people of all genders, age groups, cast, creed and occupation, without any discrimination. The concept of proportional representation comes here, that is sometimes it is fair to have representation proportional to number of people (population). Additionally for our purpose in this international organization citizens of all countries must be fairly represented irrespective of their countries’ military of economic might.

Q-4. Based on the information given in this chapter, match the following countries and the path democracy has taken in that country.

Match the country with path to democracy
Path to democracy and country

Country

Path to democracy

(a) Chile

1. Freedom from British colonial rule

(b) Nepal

2. End of military dictatorship

(c) Poland

3. End of one party rule

(d) Ghana

4. King agreed to give up his powers

Answer:

(a) ⟶ 1,

(b) ⟶ 2

(c) ⟶ 3,

(d) ⟶ 4

Countries and path to democracy correctly matched
Countries and path to democracy correctly matched in a table

Country

Path to democracy

(a) Chile

1. End of military dictatorship

(b) Nepal

2. King agreed to give up his powers

(c) Poland

3. End of one party rule

(d) Ghana

4. Freedom from British colonial rule

Explanation:

A) The Chilean War of Independence between pro-independence Chilean criollos and royalist criollos supporting continued allegiance to the Captaincy General of Chile and membership of the Spanish Empire. The top position in governance was assumed by the most senior military commander. In 1821, royalist forces were expelled from mainland Chile and in 1826, Spanish troops surrendered. Declaration of independence was officially issued by Chile on February 12, 1818 and formally recognized by Spain in 1844, when full diplomatic relations were established.

B) The king of Nepal agreed to give his power after the Loktantra Andolan movement on 24 April 2006 and On 15 January 2007, the newly formed interim legislature were came in effect. The Constituent Assembly and Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal came in effect from 28 May 2008

C) At the time of its founding during final stages of World War II, Poland was a puppet entity set up and controlled by the Soviet Union. In 1945, after losing the world war, USSR (Stalin) agreed to free some territories to Poland. However, Stalin was determined that Poland's new government would become his tool towards making Poland a Soviet puppet state controlled by the communists. The communists held a majority of key posts in this new government, and with Soviet support they soon gained almost total control of the country, rigging all elections. From 1945 to 1947 Poland had a single party system where all opposition parties where persecuted.

D) The British government took over the assets of Gold Coast from private African company of merchants in 1821. And on 6 March 1957 the state of Ghana became an independent country and was named after the medieval West African empire.

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