NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Democracy in the Contemporary world (Democratic Politics-I) Chapter 1– Part 3

Q-5. What are the difficulties people face in a non-democratic country?

Answer:

Citizens of a non-democratic country faces many difficulties and some of them are:

  • No security and stability in life. Citizens can never assume that the state is working towards their common good, or would allow them to work towards their full potential. They are forever dependent on the whims of their government.

  • They have no authority or mechanism to participate of give feedback on their governance.

  • They cannot bring any change in governance, even if the executive is not incapable, corrupt or worst malicious working for detriment of the country.

  • There is no debate or a mechanism to reach best possible option. In fact there is no way for anyone to voice their opinion as there are opposition parties or opposition leaders.

  • Non democratic republic is for the most part an oligarchy. Where the people with close relations to rulers can influence the policies to their advantage.

  • Rich and powerful get more opportunities in such non-transparent system dividing the country into privileged and non-privileged classes leading to corruption.

  • Not everybody is treated equally and worse still people are persecuted just for being different in religion, caste, creed, or economically weaker.

  • Beliefs religions, political and even family values are forced on the citizens, those not sharing in such common agendas are harassed by the state.

  • People are not free to choose education and occupation, they are forced to do engage in occupations which the state sees fit.

    Countries without democracies

    Countries Without Democracies

    Countries without democracies

Q-6. Which freedoms are usually taken away when a democracy is overthrown by the military?

Answer:

After a military coup, citizens of the nation under military rule are denied many rights:

  • No ‘right to freedom of speech’ i.e. women of Calama in Chile.

  • No ‘right to form an associations or trade unions’ i.e. the workers like a crane operator and the electrician in Poland.

  • Thousands of solidarity members were put in jail in Poland.

  • The citizens are not permitted to organize, protest and express their opinions.

  • No security, in Chile for example, the military had killed more than three thousand people.

  • No ‘right to have fair elections’ for example in Poland there was only one party (communist) and opposition parties were persecuted.

Countries under military rule

Countries Under Military Rule

Countries under military rule

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