NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Democracy in the Contemporary world (Democratic Politics-I) Chapter 1– Part 4

Q-7. Which of the following positions can contribute to democracy at the global level? Give reasons for your answer in each case.

(a) My country gives more money to international institutions. Therefore, I want to be treated with more respect and exercise more power.

(b) My country may be small or poor. But my voice must be heard with equal respect, because these decisions will affect my country.

(c) Wealthy nations will have a greater say in international affairs. They cannot let their interests suffer just because they are outnumbered by poor nations.

(d) Big countries like India must have a greater say in international organizations.

Answer: Let’s look at the following key principles and ideas of democracies:

Indeas and perspectives of democracy

Democracy: Values and Building Blocks

Indeas and perspectives of democracy

The key principle of democracy is just equal and fair representation. All the citizens of the democracy are treated equal. The government should represent all segments of global society, countries, rich and poor; people of all genders, age groups, cast, creed and occupation, without any discrimination. The concept of proportional representation comes here, that is sometimes it is fair to have representation proportional to number of people (population).

(a) My country gives more money to international institutions. Therefore, I want to be treated with more respect and exercise more power.

This is not a democratic thought, representation in a democratic state should not be based on economic status.

(b) My country may be small or poor. But my voice must be heard with equal respect, because these decisions will affect my country.

This is a very democratic notion exactly in accordance with the principle of representation. Anyone and everyone who is affected by the policies must have an equal say in the decisions.

(c) Wealthy nations will have a greater say in international affairs. They cannot let their interests suffer just because they are outnumbered by poor nations.

This is not a democratic thought, representation in a democratic state should not be based on economic status.

(d) Big countries like India must have a greater say in international organizations.

This is not a democratic thought, representation in a democratic state should not be based on if a country is big or small, countries can get more votes based on their population but even the smallest of the countries should be represented.

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