NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Chapter 3 Constitutional Design (Democratic Politics-I) Part 2

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NCERT Class 9 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 3: Constitutional Design

Question 5. Read again the extracts from Nehru’s speech ‘Tryst with Destiny’ and answer the following:

I. Why did Nehru use the expression “not wholly or in full measure” in the first sentence?

Answer:

  • Nehru had used the expression, “not wholly or in full measure, but substantially” because according to him building a nation is big thing and huge challenge which cannot be fulfilled in one’s lifetime.

II. What pledge did he want the makers of the Indian Constitution to take?

Answer:

  • Nehru wanted that makers of the Indian Constitution to take to take the pledge of building a nation where not be a single person have tears in their eyes.

  • And also to understand their big responsibility of build constitution of nation.

  • It is fitting that at this solemn moment, we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India.

III. “The ambition of the greatest man of our generation has been to wipe every tear from every eye”. Who was he referring to?

Answer:

  • Nehru was referring to Mahatma Gandhi in this statement.

  • That may be beyond us but so long as there are tears and suffering so, long our work will not be over.

  • We have to labour and to work, and work hard, to give reality to our dreams.

  • Those dreams are for India but they are also for the world for all the nations and peoples are too closely knit together today for any one of them to imagine that it can live apart.

Question 6. Here are some of the guiding values of the Constitution and their meaning. Rewrite them by matching them correctly.

Match the following

Column I

Column II

(a) Sovereign

(1) Government will not favour any religion

(b) Republic

(2) People have the supreme right to make decisions.

(c) Fraternity

(3) Head of the state is an elected person.

(d) Secular

(4) People should live like brothers and sisters.

Answer:

Guiding values of the Constitution and their meaning

Column I

Column II

(a) Sovereign

People have the supreme right to make decisions.

(b) Republic

Head of the state is an elected person.

(c) Fraternity

People should live like brothers and sisters.

(d) Secular

Government will not favour any religion

Sovereign:

  • In sovereignty governing body (peoples) has full right and power to govern itself without any interference from outside sources or bodies.

Republic:

  • Republic country is organized with a form of government where power is in the hand of elected individuals who are belongs to citizen body and government leaders; they rule the country according to laws.

Fraternity:

  • A fraternity is an organisation in which a society or group of members are associated with each other for several religious or secular aims

Secular:

  • Secularity is the state of being separate from religion or of not being fully or particular associated with religion.

Q- 7. A friend from Nepal has written you a letter describing the political exercises situation there. Many political parties are opposing the rule of the king. Some of them say that the existing constitution given by the monarch can be amended to allow more powers to elected representatives. Others are demanding a new Constituent Assembly to write a republican constitution. Reply to your friend giving your opinions on the subject.

Answer:

  • Both the options are possible.

  • Because in the case the existing constitution is proper then to include more powers to elected representative’s laws can be amended.

  • But if the existing constitution is not proper so in that case a new constitution should be formed by including the elected representatives and they should jointly decide about a particular option.