NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Chapter 4 Electoral Politics (Democratic Politics-I) Part 1

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Question 1. Which of the following sentiments about the reason for conducting elections are false?

  1. Elections enable people to judge the performance of the government.

  2. People select the representative of their choice in an election.

  3. Elections enable people to evaluate the performance of the judiciary

  4. People can indicate which policies they prefer.

Answer: C

Explanation:

  • Basically elections is the decision making process in which people are enable to judge the performance of government but not of judiciary, elect their choice leaders and also designate their choice politics.

  • Other sentiments about the reason for conducting elections are true.

Question 2. Which of these is not a good reason to say that Indian elections are democratic?

  1. India has the largest numbers of voters in the world.

  2. India’s election commission is very powerful.

  3. In India, everyone above the age of 18 has a right to vote.

  4. In India, the losing parties accept the electoral verdict.

Answer: A

Explanation:

  • Yes, it is true that India has largest number of voters in the world but it doesn’t mean that because of it, Indian election is democratic.

  • Election can be democratic based on commission, awakened voters and many more things but not based on numbers of voters.

Question 3. Match the following:

Match the Following
Match the following

List I

List II

(a) It is necessary to keep the voters' list up to date because

(i) There is a fair representation of all sections of our society

(b) Some constituencies are reserved for SCs and STs so that

(ii) Everyone has equal opportunity to elect their representatives

(c) Everyone has one and only one vote so that

(iii) All candidates must have a fair chance of competing in elections

(d) Party in power is not allowed to use government vehicles because

(iv) Some people may have moved away from the area where they voted last

Answer:

Match List of I and II
Match list of I and II

List I

List II

(a) It is necessary to keep the voters' list up to date because

Some people may have moved away from the area where they voted last

(b) Some constituencies are reserved for SCs and STs so that

There is a fair representation of all sections of our society

(c) Everyone has one and only one vote so that

Everyone has equal opportunity to elect their representatives

(d) Party in power is not allowed to use government vehicles because

All candidates must have a fair chance of competing in elections

Question 4. List all the different election related activities mentioned in the chapter and arrange them in a time sequence, beginning with the first activity and ending with the last. Some of these activities are given below:

Releasing election manifestos, Counting of votes, Making of voters’ list, Election campaign, Declaration of election results, Casting of votes, Ordering of re-poll, Announcing election schedule, Filing nomination.

Answer:

Different election related activities:

  1. Making of voters’ list

  2. Announcing election schedule

  3. Filing nomination

  4. Election campaign

  5. Releasing election manifestos

  6. Casting of votes

  7. Counting of votes

  8. Declaration of election results

  9. Ordering of re-poll

Election activities

Election Activities

Election activities