NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Chapter 4 Electoral Politics (Democratic Politics-I) Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 9 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 4: Electoral Politics

Question 5. Surekha is an officer-in-charge of ensuring free and fair elections in an assembly constituency in a state. Describe what she should focus on for each of the following stages of election:

  1. Election campaign
  2. Polling day
  3. Counting day


(1) Election campaign:

  • During election campaign political parties prefer to arrange meetings, carried out rallies, showcase their strategies by posters and do door- to-door canvassing.
  • So, at that time as an officer-in-charge Surekha have to look out after their activities such as the meetings are held within the specified time, no clashes take place during the rallies, posters must be defined well, parties not appeal vote on the name of religion or caste or not use temples, church or masjid for campaigning etc.

(2) Polling day

  • On the Polling day her duties are:
    • Crosscheck the voters՚ list and ID proof of the voters
    • Maintain peace
    • Ensure there should be no false voting
    • Police arrangement in every booth
    • Make sure that no any unsocial element should be enters in any booth
    • The vote boxes or electronic machines must reach safely to the centers

(3) Counting day

  • Surekha as an officer-in-charge has to take care about on the counting day the agents of almost every candidate take their seats inside the counting center.
  • Proper seating arrangement for the agents of different candidates.
  • Police arrangement
  • Votes should be counted in peaceful atmosphere.

Question 6. The table below gives the proportion of different communities among the candidates who won elections to the US Congress. Compare these to the proportion of these communities in the population of the US.

Based on this, would you suggest a system of reservations in the US Congress? If yes, why and for which communities? If no, why not?

Proportion of the Community (In Per Cent) in the US Congress
Proportion of the community (in per cent) in the US Congress
House of RepresentativesPopulation of US


  • Yes, there must be reserved seats for Blacks and Hispanics because compared to Whites they have less seats.
  • So, seats must be allotted to them in the US Congress based on their percentage in the US population.

Question 7. Can we draw the following conclusions from the information given in this chapter? Give two facts to support your position for each of these.

  1. Election Commission of India does not have enough powers to conduct free and fair elections in the country.
  2. There is a high level of popular participation in the elections in our country.
  3. It is very easy for the party in power to win an election.
  4. Many reforms are needed to make our elections completely free and fair.


(a) The election commission of India has enough powers to conduct free and fair elections in the country because India is an independent and powerful body and other reasons are:

  • The President of India appoints election Commissioner of India and he or she can՚t be removed.
  • Government strictly follows guidelines given by Election Commissioner.
  • If in any case election commissioners feels that the elections are not conducted fairly then they can also call for re-election at specific booths or in the entire constituency.
  • Every Government servants during election duty works under the control of Election Commissioner.

(b) India has the huge number of voter՚s across the world because most of the popular participation in the elections.

  • If we consider last 50 years, the numbers of voters in the North America and Europe are gradually decreasing whereas in India it remained stable or increased which indicates that in our country the poor, the illiterate and the unprivileged people voters are more than the rich and the privileged classes.

(c) It is not a correct stamen that ruling party can win an election quite easily in India.

  • Because if it true than the Congress leader Indira Gandhi then Prime Minister of India were not beaten by Raj Narain, which was an ordinary politician.

(d) Every system needs reformation and to make our elections completely free and fair:

  • Required to prevent use of money, muscle power, and unfair practices from bearing fruit.
  • Ensure that all independent and small parties get fair chance.
  • Ensure candidates who have criminal records must be restricted to participate in election.

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