NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Chapter 4 Electoral Politics (Democratic Politics-I) Part 3 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 9 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 4: Electoral Politics

Question 8. Chinappa was convicted for torturing his wife for dowry. Satbir was held guilty of practicing untouchability. The court did not allow either of them to contest elections. Does this decision go against the principles of democratic elections?


  • It is the right chose made by court to not allowing both Chinappa and Satbir to contest elections. Because according to democratic principal criminals cannot be part of society so how can they participate in election.
  • So, this is the right decision made by court.

Question 9. Here are some reports of electoral malpractices from different parts of the world. Is there anything that these countries can learn from India to improve their elections? What would you suggest in each case?

  1. During an election in Nigeria, the officer-in-charge of counting votes deliberately increased the votes of one candidate and declared him elected. The court later found out that more than 5 lakh votes cast for one candidate were counted in favour of another.
  2. Just before the elections in Fiji, a pamphlet was distributed warning voters that a vote for former Prime Minister, Mahendra Chaudhry will lead to bloodshed. This was a threat to voters of Indian origin.
  3. In the US, each state has its own method of voting, its own procedure of counting and it own authority for conducting elections. Authorities in the state of Florida took many controversial decisions that favoured Mr. Bush in the Presidential elections in 2000. But no one could change those decisions.


  1. The officer-in-charge during counting must have to be fair. But he fails in his duty; to stop this kind of cheating electronic machines should be introduced for counting in case electronic machines were not available then the votes should be counted in presence of representatives of different political parties such as in India.
  2. This is not a proper way to get elected, because election is way to select leader in democracy and basic though of democracy is independence so no one can inflate voters mind by any kind of warnings, if any one do so the election commission must have to take appropriate action against it.
  3. Such as in India method of voting, counting and conducting must have to be same for all sate of nation because if they are different then result might be not justifiable so, US have to follows India՚s common election commotion strategy

Question 10. Here are some reports of malpractices in Indian elections. Identify what the problem in each case is. What should be done to correct the situation?

  1. Following the announcement of elections the minister promised to provide financial aid to reopen the closed sugar mill.
  2. Opposition parties alleged that their statements and campaign was not given the due attention in Doordarshan and All India Radio.
  3. An inquiry by the Election Commission showed that electoral rolls of a state contain names of 20 lakh fake voters.
  4. The hoodlums of a political party were moving with guns, physically preventing supporters of other political parties to meet the voters and attacking meetings of other parties.


  1. After announcement of election, no one can announce policy decisions according to Code of Conduct and by doing this minister had made two mistakes.
  2. He cannot have made this promise after the announcement of elections has already been made.
  3. By promising financial aid he is trying to divert the voters by using financial tricks.
  4. Equal opportunity must have to give to all the political party must to appear on Doordarshan and All India Radio and best solution for this is that Doordarshan and All India Radio must be made independent bodies so all parties and candidates equal time to present their views in front of the voters.
  5. Fake voter՚s means the elections were fixed by the authorities who prepared the electoral rolls. The election commission has to take care while preparing fresh electoral rolls and Election Commission has power to reforming the electoral rolls.
  6. If the political party uses gangsters as terrorizing their opponents and it is totally wrong move, the election commission must have to take appropriate action against it such as arrest that gangsters and bar the party from the elections.

Question 11. Ramesh was not in class when this chapter was being taught. He came the next day and reported what he had heard from his father. Can you tell Ramesh what is wrong with these statements?

  1. Women always vote the way men tell them. So what is the point of giving them the right to vote?
  2. Party politics creates tension in society. Elections should be decided by consensus not by competition.
  3. Only graduates should be allowed to stand as candidates for elections.


  1. This is not correct statement because according to the policy of secret ballot every person has rights to vote as they wants and men or women have equal rights to make tier own decision.
  2. Competition gives more option to the people for selecting best choice whereas in consensus people become deaf and dumb which is totally against to the spirit of democracy. Competition is both restrictive and motivator for the political candidates. But whether the fear of losing the election or a motivation for winning the elections works for people.
  3. Educational make peoples mind open to think deep but it is not necessary that only educated peoples can make right decision. So, it is not compulsory that every politician must be graduated.

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