NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Chapter 5 Working of Institutions (Democratic Politics-I) Part 1

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 156K)

Watch video lecture on YouTube: NCERT Class 9 Political Science / Polity / Civics Chapter 5: Working of Institutions NCERT Class 9 Political Science / Polity / Civics Chapter 5: Working of Institutions
Loading Video

Question 1. If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decision can you take on your own?

  1. Select the person you like as Prime Minister.

  2. Dismiss a Prime Minister who has a majority in Lok Sabha.

  3. Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.

  4. Nominate the leaders of your choice to the Council of Ministers.

Answer: C

Explanation:

President of India has the right to ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.

Executive Power: The President of India is the head of the executive of the Union Government.

  • President appoints the Governors of the States, the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts of the States. Prime Minister of India is appointed by the President.

  • President is responsible for the administration of the Union Territories.

  • President has been empowered to set up a Commission for the settlement of disputes relating to the supply of water between two or more States.

  • The President alone can remove the Council of Ministers, the Governors of States and the Attorney-General for India.

  • The President of India is Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Navy and the Air Force of the Union.

  • The President also enjoys the diplomatic power.

  • The President represents India in international affairs. He has the power to conclude treaties with foreign States.

Legislative Powers: President has the power of to summon and prorogue both the House of Parliament. He can also dissolve the House of the People before the expiry of its term.

  • President nominates two members to the Lok Sabha from the Anglo-Indian Community and twelve members to the Rajya Sabha from among the persons who have acquired special knowledge in art, science, literature and social service.

  • A bill passed by the Union Parliament is sent to the President for his assent.

  • When the Parliament is not in session, the President may issue an ordinance.

Financial Powers: No money bill can be introduced in Parliament without the recommendations of the President. Annual Financial Statement is placed by the President before both the Houses of Parliament.

Judicial Powers: The President of India grants, pardons, reprieves or remissions of punishment to any person who has been convicted by a Court of Law.

Emergency Powers: The President of India exercises extra-ordinary powers in times of emergency.

Question 2. Who among the following is a part of the political executive?

  1. District Collector

  2. Secretary of the Minib v stry of Home Affairs

  3. Home Minister

  4. Director General of Police

Answer: C

Explanation:

District Collector, Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs and Director General of Police are IAS or IPS officers but Home Ministers are political executives.

Question 3. Which of the following statements about the judiciary is false?

  1. Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court

  2. Judiciary can strike down a law if it goes against the spirit of the Constitution

  3. Judiciary is independent of the Executive

  4. Any citizen can approach the courts if her rights are violated

Answer: A

Explanation: Every law passed by the Parliament does not need approval of the Supreme Court.

Question 4. Which of the following institutions can make changes to an existing law of the country?

  1. The Supreme Court

  2. The President

  3. The Prime Minister

  4. The Parliament

Answer: D

Explanation:

The Parliament is the supreme legislative body of the nation and it is headed by president. It has all the authority to change existing law of the country.

Question 5. Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released: exercises

Match the Following Column I and II
Match the following column I and II

Column I

Column II

(a) A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country.

1) Ministry of Defence

(b) Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas

2) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution

(c) The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down

3) Ministry of Health

(d) A pulse polio campaign will be launched.

4) Ministry of Commerce and Industry

(e) The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased.

5) Ministry of Communications and Information Technology

Answer:

Match the Ministry with the News
Match the ministry with the news

Column I

Column II

(a) A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country.

Ministry of Commerce and Industry

(b) Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas

Ministry of Communications and Information Technology

(c) The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution

(d) A pulse polio campaign will be launched.

Ministry of Health

(e) The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased.

Ministry of Defence

Discussions & Questions

Last Updated: