NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Chapter 5 Working of Institutions (Democratic Politics-I) Part 2

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NCERT Class 9 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 5: Working of Institutions

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Question 6. Which of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.

  1. Decision on allocation of money for developing infrastructure like roads, irrigation etc. and different welfare activities for the citizens.

  2. Considers the recommendation of a Committee on a law to regulate the stock exchange.

  3. Decides on a legal dispute between two state governments.

  4. Implements the decision to provide relief for the victims of an earthquake.

Answer:

(a) Cabinet

  • Cabinet is a high-ranking state official’s body which includes top leaders of the executive branch and they usually called ministers.

  • It is a collegial decision-making body with collective responsibility, while in others it may function either as a purely advisory body or an assisting institution to a decision making head of state or head of government.

(b) Parliament

  • The Parliament is the supreme legislative body of the nation and it is headed by president. It has all the authority to change existing law of the country.

(c) Supreme Court

  • Supreme Court is the highest judicial forum, the highest constitutional court and it has the power of constitutional review

(d) Permanent Executive

  • Permanents executives are non-elected executives and they are specialists in their arenas and appointed by UPSC exam.

Question 7. Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people? Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.

  1. In a Parliamentary democracy only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister.

  2. Lok Sabha can remove the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers even before the expiry of their term.

  3. Since, the Prime Minister is appointed by the President there is no need for it.

  4. Direct election of the Prime Minister will involve lot of expenditure on election.

Answer: A

Explanation:

  • In India Prime Ministers are not elected they are appointed by the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha.

  • This is to ensure that the PM secures a majority support.

  • Directly elected Prime Minister not able to get his policies and laws passed in Lok Shabha, in this situation the Government not runs smoothly.

Question 8. Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of a personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day.

What would be your reaction to such a film?

Answer:

  • I will go with Rizwan’s opinion because in a country like India it’s not possible to take decision by single person coordination is must require so this kind of move is not possible in India.

Question 9. A teacher was making preparations for a mock parliament. She called two students to act as leaders of two political parties. She gave them an option: Each one could choose to have a majority either in the mock Lok Sabha or in the mock Rajya Sabha. If this choice was given to you, which one would you choose and why?

Answer:

  • If I have to make choose then I would select a majority in the Lok Sabha because with the majority I might be appoint as Prime Minister of India by the President and other reason

  • It is the leader of the Lok Sabha is directly answerable to the public so it might be challenging task for me.

Question 10. After reading the example of the reservation order, three students had different reactions about the role of the judiciary. Which view, according to you, is a correct reading of the role of judiciary?

  1. Srinivas argues that since the Supreme Court agreed with the government, it is not independent.

  2. Anjaiah says that judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it.

  3. Vijaya thinks that the judiciary is neither independent nor conformist, but acts as a mediator between opposing parties. The court struck a good balance between those who supported and those who opposed the order.

Answer:

  • According to my point of view Anjaiah is correct and Srinivas and Vijaya are in not correct.

  • Srinivas’s argument is incorrect because, when supreme Court rich to any conclusion by hearing both the sites and approves reservation order of Gov. of India then agreeing with it is now shows that Judiciary is not independent.

  • Vijaya’s argument is incorrect because, Court is not mediator between two parties it is the authority which deiced the case based on its merits and under the laws.