NCERT Class 9 Solutions: Chapter 5 Working of Institutions (Democratic Politics-I) Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 9 Political Science/Civics/Civics / Polity / Civics Chapter 5: Working of Institutions

Question 1. Name the Fundamental Right under which each of the following rights falls?

  1. Freedom to propagate one՚s religion
  2. Right to life
  3. Abolition of untouchability
  4. Ban on bonded labour

Answer: d

  1. Right to freedom of religion
  2. Right to freedom
  3. Right to equality
  4. Right to freedom

Fundamental rights under the Constitution of Indian

  1. Right to Equality
  2. Equal protection of laws
  3. Equal access to all public property
  4. Equal opportunity in public employment
  5. Elimination of Untouchability
  6. Elimination of titles
  7. Right to Freedom
  8. freedom of speech and expression
  9. assemble peacefully
  10. form associations/unions
  11. move freely reside and settle in any part of India;
  12. Follow any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.
  13. Protection in respect of conviction for offences
  14. Right to life and personal liberty
  15. Freedom for education
  16. Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases
  17. Right against Exploitation
  18. Prevention form traffic in human beings and forced labour
  19. Exclusion of employment of children in hazardous jobs
  20. Right to Freedom of Religion
  21. Freedom of ethics and free profession, practice and propagation of religion
  22. Freedom to manage religious affairs
  23. Freedom to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion
  24. Freedom to attend religious instruction or worship in certain educational institutions
  25. Cultural and Educational Rights
  26. Protection of language, culture of minorities
  27. Right of minorities to establish educational institutions
  28. Right to Constitutional Remedies
  29. Right to move the courts to issue directions/orders/writs for enforcement of rights

Question 5. Which of these statements about the relationship between democracy and rights is more valid? Give reasons for your preference.

  1. Every country that is a democracy gives rights to its citizens.
  2. Every country that gives rights to its citizens is a democracy.
  3. Giving rights is good, but it is not necessary for a democracy.

Answer: A

  1. ‘Every country that is a democracy gives rights to its citizens.’ It is the correct statement because basic rule of democracy is independence. So, in a democratic country every citizen has all the rights listed under the constitution.
  2. ‘Every country that gives rights to its citizens is a democracy.’ Is not completely correct statement because in some non-democratic country rights are also given to citizen.

For example: United Kingdome is a non-democratic country but still its all citizen have all fundamental rights listed in constitution.

  1. ‘Giving rights is good, but it is not necessary for a democracy.’ This is not a correct statement because according to the definition of democracy “Independence” is a basic rule so to the every citizen in democratic country all the rights must have to given all the fundamental rights.

Question 6. Are these restrictions on the right to freedom justified? Give reasons for your answer.

  1. Indian citizens need permission to visit some border areas of the country for reasons of security.
  2. Outsiders are not allowed to buy property in some areas to protect the interest of the local population.
  3. The government bans the publication of a book that can go against the ruling party in the next elections.

Answer:

  1. According to the Right to Freedom every citizen of India has freedom to visit every place but security is also an important factor so, if any Indian wish to visit border areas then they must have to take permeation and it is the right way for security of Nation.
  2. Some remote and tribal areas are culturally or ecologically vulnerable so for the purpose to maintain it outsiders are restricted to buy property in such areas. This restriction is also justified.

For example: In Jammu and Kashmir outsiders are stickily restricted to buy property under the Article 370.

  1. This restriction is not justified because every citizen has freedom of expression so this is not right to ban the publication of a book that can go against the ruling party in the next elections.

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