NCERT Class X Science Solutions: Chapter 3 – Metals and Non-Metals Part 1

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Question 1:

Which of the following pairs will give displacement reactions?

  1. NaCl solution and copper metal

  2. solution and aluminium metal

  3. solution and silver metal

  4. Solution and copper metal.

Answer:

D. solution and copper metal

Question 2:

Which of the following methods is suitable for preventing an iron frying pan from rusting?

  1. Applying grease

  2. Applying paint

  3. Applying a coating of zinc

  4. All of the above.

Answer:

C. Applying a coating of zinc

(We can also apply grease and paint to prevent iron from rusting. However, in case of iron frying pan, grease and paint cannot be applied because when the pan will be heated and washed again and again, the coating of grease and paint would get destroyed.)

Question 3:

An element reacts with oxygen to give a compound with a high melting point. This compound is also soluble in water. The element is likely to be

  1. Calcium

  2. Carbon

  3. Silicon

  4. Iron

Answer:

A. The element is likely to be calcium.

Question 4:

Food cans are coated with tin and not with zinc because

  1. Zinc is costlier than tin.

  2. Zinc has a higher melting point than tin.

  3. Zinc is more reactive than tin.

  4. Zinc is less reactive than tin.

Answer:

C. Food cans are coated with tin and not with zinc because zinc is more reactive than tin.

Question 5:

You are given a hammer, a battery, a bulb, wires and a switch.

  1. How could you use them to distinguish between samples of metals and nonmetals?

  2. Assess the usefulness of these tests in distinguishing between metals and non – metals.

Answer:

  1. With the hammer, we can beat the sample and if it can be beaten into thin sheets (that is, it is malleable), then it is a metal otherwise a non-metal. Similarly, we can use the battery, bulb, wires, and a switch to set up a circuit with the sample. If the sample conducts electricity, then it is a metal otherwise a non-metal.

This image shows connection between battery, bulb, wires and …

Connection between Battery, Bulb, Wires and a Switch

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  1. The above tests are useful in distinguishing between metals and non-metals as these are based on the physical properties. No chemical reactions are involved in these tests.

Question 6:

What are amphoteric oxides? Give two examples of amphoteric oxides.

Answer:

Those oxides that behave as both acidic and basic oxides are called amphoteric oxides.

Examples: aluminium oxide

[Basic]

[Acidic]

Zinc oxide () is also an amphoteric oxide.