NCERT Class VI Science Solution: Chapter 2-Components of Food Part 2

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NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 2: Components of Food

Question 2:

Name the following:

  1. The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.

  2. The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.

  3. A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.

  4. A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.

Answer:

  1. The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body – Carbohydrates and Fats

  2. The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body - Proteins

  3. A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight - Vitamin

  4. A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy – Calcium

Question 3:

Name two foods each rich in:

  1. Fats

  2. Starch

  3. Dietary fibre

  4. Protein

Answer:

  1. Fats: Ghee, Butter, Milk, Egg etc.

As Showing in Image is a result for butter, cheese, oil, etc

Result for Fats

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  1. Starch: Potatoes, Sugar, Rice etc.

As Showing in Image is a result for Starch

Result for Starch

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  1. Dietary fibre: Vegetables, Fresh fruits etc.

As Showing in Image is result for dietary fibre foods

Result for Dietary Fibre

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  1. Protein: Milk, Beans, Egg, Cheese etc.

As Showing in Image is a result for Milk, Beans, Egg

Result for Protein

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Question 4:

Tick (√) the statements that are correct.

  1. By eating rice alone, we can fulfil nutritional requirement of our body. ( )

  2. Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )

  3. Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )

  4. Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )

Answer:

  1. By eating rice alone, we can fulfil nutritional requirement of our body. (False)

  2. Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. (True)

  3. Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. (True)

  4. Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. (False)

Question 5:

Fill in the blanks.

  1. ______________ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.

  2. Deficiency of ______________ causes a disease known as beriberi.

  3. Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as ______________.

  4. Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ____________ in our food.

Answer:

  1. Rickets is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.

  2. Deficiency of vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beriberi.

  3. Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as scurvy.

  4. Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of vitamin A in our food.

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