NCERT Class VI Science Solution: Chapter 2-Components of Food Part 2 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 2: Components of Food

Question 2:

Name the following:

  1. The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.
  2. The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.
  3. A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.
  4. A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.

Answer:

  1. The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body – Carbohydrates and Fats
  2. The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body - Proteins
  3. A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight - Vitamin
  4. A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy – Calcium

Question 3:

Name two foods each rich in:

  1. Fats
  2. Starch
  3. Dietary fibre
  4. Protein

Answer:

  1. Fats: Ghee, Butter, Milk, Egg etc.
As Showing in Image is a Result for Butter, Cheese, Oil, Etc
  1. Starch: Potatoes, Sugar, Rice etc.
As Showing in Image is a Result for Starch
  1. Dietary fibre: Vegetables, Fresh fruits etc.
As Showing in Image is Result for Dietary Fibre Foods
  1. Protein: Milk, Beans, Egg, Cheese etc.
As Showing in Image is a Result for Milk, Beans, Egg

Question 4:

Tick (√) the statements that are correct.

  1. By eating rice alone, we can fulfil nutritional requirement of our body. ()
  2. Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ()
  3. Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ()
  4. Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ()

Answer:

  1. By eating rice alone, we can fulfil nutritional requirement of our body. (False)
  2. Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. (True)
  3. Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. (True)
  4. Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. (False)

Question 5:

Fill in the blanks.

  1. ________ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
  2. Deficiency of ________ causes a disease known as beriberi.
  3. Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as ________.
  4. Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ________ in our food.

Answer:

  1. Rickets is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.
  2. Deficiency of vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beriberi.
  3. Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as scurvy.
  4. Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of vitamin A in our food.

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