NCERT Class VI Science Solutions: Chapter 9-The Living Organisms and Their Surroundings Part 1

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Question 1:

What is a habitat?

Answer:

Habitat means a dwelling place (a home). The surroundings where organisms live is called a habitat. The organisms depend for their food, water, air, shelter and other needs on their habitat. Several kinds of plants and animals may share the same habitat.

As showing in Image is a result for habitat

Habitat is a Dwelling Place

As showing in Image is a result for habitat

Question 2:

How is cactus adapted to survive in a desert?

Answer:

Cactus loses very little water through transpiration. The leaves in cactus plants are present in the shape of spines. This helps in reducing loss of water from the leaves through transpiration. Its stem is converted into a leaf-like structure. Photosynthesis in these plants is usually carried out by the stems. The stem is also covered with a thick waxy layer, which helps to retain water. Cactus plants have roots that go very deep into the soil for absorbing water.

As showing in Image is a result for cactus

Cactus Adapted to Survive in a Desert

As showing in Image is a result for cactus

Question 3:

Fill up the blanks.

  1. The presence of specific features, which enable a plant or an animal to live in a particular habitat, is called __________.

  2. The habitats of the plants and animals that live on land are called __________ habitat.

  3. The habitats of plants and animals that live in water are called __________ habitat.

  4. Soil, water and air are the __________ factors of a habitat.

  5. Changes in our surroundings that make us respond to them are called__________.

Answer:

  1. The presence of specific features, which enable a plant or an animal to live in a particular habitat, is called adaptation.

  2. The habitats of the plants and animals that live on land are called terrestrial habitat.

  3. The habitats of plants and animals that live in water are called aquatic habitat.

  4. Soil, water and air are the abiotic factors of a habitat.

  5. Changes in our surroundings that make us respond to them are called stimuli.