NCERT Class VII Science Solutions: Chapter 7-Weather, Climate and Adaptations of Animals to Climate Part 1

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Question 1:

Name the elements that determine the weather of a place.

Answer:

Temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind speed, air pressure, etc. are the elements of the weather. Because the weather of a place can be determine using these elements.

As showing in Image is a result for the elements of the weather

Result for the Elements of the Weather

As showing in Image is a result for the elements of the weather

Question 2:

When are the maximum and minimum temperatures likely to occur during the day?

Answer:

The maximum temperature of the day occurs generally in the afternoon while the minimum temperature occurs generally in the early morning.

As showing in Image is a maximum and minimum temperatures

Maximum and Minimum Temperatures

As showing in Image is a maximum and minimum temperatures

Question 3:

Fill in the blanks:

  1. The average weather taken over a long time is called ___________.

  2. A place receives very little rainfall and the temperature is high throughout the year, the climate of that place will be ___________ and ___________.

  3. The two regions of the earth with extreme climatic conditions are ___________ and __________.

Answer:

  1. The average weather taken over a long time is called climate of the place.

  2. A place receives very little rainfall and the temperature is high throughout the year, the climate of that place will be hot and dry.

  3. The two regions of the earth with extreme climatic conditions are tropical region and polar region.

Question 4:

  1. Indicate the type of climate of the following areas:

  2. Jammu and Kashmir: _________________________________

  3. Kerala: ____________________________________________

  4. Rajasthan: __________________________________________

  5. North-east India: _____________________________________

Answer:

  1. Jammu and Kashmir: moderately hot and wet climate for a part of the year, extremely cold in winter.

  2. Kerala: very hot and wet as it is a coastal area.

  3. Rajasthan: hot and dry because the temperature is high during most part of the year. But during winter, which lasts only for a few months, the temperature is quite low. This region receives very little rainfall.

  4. North-east India: wet because the northeastern India receives rain for a major part of the year.