NCERT Class VII Science Solutions: Chapter 9 – Soil Part 1

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Question 1:

In addition to the rock particles, the soil contains.

  1. air and water

  2. water and plants

  3. minerals, organic matter, air and water

  4. water, air and plants

Answer:

C. minerals, organic matter, air and water.

The soil contains air, water, organic matter and inorganic mineral matter

The Formation and Structure of Soil

The soil contains air, water, organic matter and inorganic mineral matter

Question 2:

The water holding capacity is the highest in.

  1. Sandy soil.

  2. Clayey soil

  3. Loamy soil

  4. Mixture of sand and loam

Answer:

B. clayey soil

As showing in images is a clayey soil

Clayey Soil

As showing in images is a clayey soil

Question 3:

Match the items in Column I with those in Column II:

Match Column 1 and Column 2 (Ques)
Match column 1 and column 2 (Ques)

Column I

Column II

A home for living organisms

Large particles

Upper layer of the soil

All kinds of soil

Sandy soil

Dark in colour

Middle layer of the soil

Small particles and packed tight

Clayey soil

Lesser amount of humus

Answer:

Match Column 1 and Column 2
Match column 1 and column 2

Column I

Column II

A home for living organisms

All kinds of soil

Upper layer of the soil

Dark in colour

Sandy soil

Large particles

Middle layer of the soil

Lesser amount of humus

Clayey soil

Small particles and packed tight