NCERT Class VIII Science Solutions: Chapter 1-Crop Production and Management Part 1

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Question 1:

Select the correct word from the following list and fill in the blanks.

float, water, crop, nutrients, preparation.

  1. The same kind of plants grown and cultivated on a large scale at a place is called _____________.

  2. The first step before growing crops is _____________ of the soil.

  3. Damaged seeds would _____________ on top of water.

  4. For growing a crop, sufficient sunlight and _____________ and _____________ from the soil are essential.

Answer:

  1. The same kind of plants grown and cultivated on a large scale at a place is called crop.

  2. The first step before growing crops is preparation of the soil.

  3. Damaged seeds would float on top of water.

  4. For growing a crop, sufficient sunlight and water and nutrients from the soil are essential.

Question 2:

Match items in column A with those in column B.

Match Items in Column a with Those in Column B (Q)
Match items in column A with those in column B (Q)

A

B

Kharif crops

Food for cattle

Rabi crops

Urea and super phosphate

Chemical fertilisers

Animal excreta, cow dung urine and plant waste

Organic manure

Wheat, gram, pea

Paddy and maize

Answer:

Match Items in Column a with Those in Column B (A)
Match items in column A with those in column B (A)

A

B

Kharif crops

Paddy and maize

Rabi crops

Wheat, gram, pea

Chemical fertilisers

Urea and super phosphate

Organic manure

Animal excreta, cow dung urine and plant waste

Question 3:

Give two examples of each.

  1. Kharif crop.

  2. Rabi crop.

Answer:

  1. Kharif crop: Paddy, maize, soybean, groundnut, cotton, etc.

  2. Rabi crop: Wheat, gram, pea, mustard, etc.

As showing in images is a result for Kharif crop

Result for Kharif Crop

As showing in images is a result for Kharif crop