Class 6 Civics Chapter 1 Understanding Diversity, Benefits of Diversity, Historic and Geographical Reasons for Diversity (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Understanding Diversity


  • It is defined as the existence of variations among a group of people w. r. t different characteristics.
  • The differences among people may exist in the form of religion, language, eating habits, etc.
  • In the same country or even at the same workplace, some people may follow one religion while others follow the different religion.
  • Different languages are spoken by different people across the world. Some of the most widely spoken languages in the world are Chinese, Spanish, English, Hindi, Arabic, etc.
  • People speaking same languages may not have the same accent.
  • People across the world may prefer non-vegetarian food or vegetarian food.

Benefits of Diversity

  • It helps in understanding and respecting different types of culture.
  • It develops peace, harmony, and brotherhood among people.
  • Health human relationships are promoted and equal rights are protected.
  • It provides a source of tourism for India.
  • Diversity at work:
    • Increases creativity and productivity.
    • Reduced fear and improved performance.
    • Boosts brand՚s reputation.
  • Diversity in education improves the:
    • Intellectual engagement
    • Self-motivation
    • Citizenship
    • Cultural engagement
    • Academic skills like critical thinking, problem-solving, and writing

Reasons of Diversity

Geography՚s Influence on Diversity

Geography has its influence on our outlook, fooding habits and clothing.

Jammu and Kashmir
  • People here are fair-skinned and generally tall due to the cold climatic conditions.
  • They usually wear warm clothes.
South India
  • Most of the people are dark skinned with medium height.
  • As the climatic conditions are hot and humid, therefore most of the men prefer wear vesti (lungi) . They generally eat rice and coconut.
West Bengal
  • In West Bengal due to hot and humid climatic conditions, most of the people are either brown skinned or dark skinned.
  • People prefer rice and fish generally.
  • In Bihar, cold climatic conditions are there in November, hot weather arrives in march.
  • People prefer both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food items.
  • In Gujarat most of the people prefer non-vegetarian foods.
  • There are diverse climatic conditions, the plains are very hot and dry during the summer whereas in winter the plains are cold and dry.

History՚s Influence on Diversity

  • India was home to pre-Aryans, the Indo-Aryans, the Greek. , the Scythians, the Hunas, the Turks, and others.
  • The Aryan elements were equated with the Vedic and Puranic culture of the north whereas the pre-Aryan reflected that of the Dravidian and Tamil culture of the south.
  • The ancient poets and philosophers viewed the country as an integral unit.
  • Janapadas, the states or territorial units were named after different tribes.
  • Many vegetable items like potato, tomato and red chilly came from different countries.
  • Vermicelli or semiya has been in use in India long before noodles became favourite in India.
  • Apart from trade, people also have been travelling in India for pilgrimage and with them different food, culture, clothes, and religion were brought in.
  • Many people started practicing new religions as well.
  • Since ancient times, Kerala has been an important centre of trade.
  • Traders from different places came here to trade in spices.
  • About 2000 years ago, Christianity was introduced in Kerala.
  • With the traders coming from the Arab world, Islam was introduced.
  • Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese traveler discovered the sea route between Europe and India and with this European culture came to India.
  • Different religions followed by people in Kerala:
    • Hinduism
    • Buddhism
    • Judaism
    • Christianity
    • Islam
  • The Chinese fishing nets called Cheena-vala are still being used in Kerala.
  • Cheenachatti, a utensil used in Kerala for frying is further a reflection of very old trade connections with China.

Diversity in India

  • India is a country with a highly diverse culture.
  • People following almost all major religions world over live in India.
  • Different religions are different in many aspects:
    • Customs
    • Festivals
    • Beliefs
    • Eating habits
    • Traditional costumes

Unity in Diversity

  • The late former Prime Minister of India Mr Jawaharlal Nehru coined the term ‘Unity in Diversity.’
  • Britishers thought India as a soft target for ruling because of the diverse culture.
  • Indian people irrespective of religious or cultural differences struggled for freedom and proved Britishers wrong.

Applications in Many Field

Unity in Diversity- Applications in Many Field

It is a branch of Biology that defines the relationship between living things and their surroundings.


It is a branch of astronomy that deals with the studies of the origin and evolution of the universe.

  • It is concerned with the study of ideas and beliefs w. r. t the meaning of life.
  • It takes into account fundamental questions related to reason, existence, knowledge, values, mind, and language.
  • It is defined as the belief in a god or gods along with the activities connected.
  • It is a social-cultural system comprising behaviors and practices, morals, worldviews, Texts, etc.

It simply means making decisions in groups and other forms of power relations among individuals.

Diversity in Family

Existence of a rich variety of compositions in families such as mix gender, ethnicity, sexuality, and marital history.

Dimensions of Family Diversity

  • It represents a growing proportion of society.
  • It includes substantial numbers of interracial couples and transnational families.
Socioeconomic Status

It is defined in terms of a family՚s combined index that includes income, education, occupational prestige apart from the number of related adults and dependent children.

  • It is related to social meanings regarding masculinity and femininity being produced through social processes and interactions.
  • As far as sex is concerned it is related to biological distinctions between a man and a woman.
Sexual Orientation

This is related to an individual՚s beliefs, attractions, and behaviors towards members of the opposite and same sex.

Family Structure
  • Focusing on the impact of different family forms such as first married families, divorced families, and remarried families.
  • Children in single parent families and remarried families suffer disadvantages on measures of academic performance, psychological adjustment, conduct, social competence, etc. when compared with children coming from first married families.
  • There is a stronger effect of family processes on the wellbeing of family members.
Family Process
  • This refers to the interpersonal dynamics say for e. g. , support, communication, decision making, conflict resolution, violence.
  • Interpersonal dynamics may exist among parent – child, husband – wife, partner interactions.

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