Class 6 Civics Chapter 1 Understanding Diversity, Benefits of Diversity, Historic and Geographical Reasons for Diversity (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Understanding Diversity

Diversity

  • It is defined as the existence of variations among a group of people w. r. t different characteristics.
  • The differences among people may exist in the form of religion, language, eating habits, etc.
  • In the same country or even at the same workplace, some people may follow one religion while others follow the different religion.
  • Different languages are spoken by different people across the world. Some of the most widely spoken languages in the world are Chinese, Spanish, English, Hindi, Arabic, etc.
  • People speaking same languages may not have the same accent.
  • People across the world may prefer non-vegetarian food or vegetarian food.

Benefits of Diversity

  • It helps in understanding and respecting different types of culture.
  • It develops peace, harmony, and brotherhood among people.
  • Health human relationships are promoted and equal rights are protected.
  • It provides a source of tourism for India.
  • Diversity at work:
    • Increases creativity and productivity.
    • Reduced fear and improved performance.
    • Boosts brand՚s reputation.
  • Diversity in education improves the:
    • Intellectual engagement
    • Self-motivation
    • Citizenship
    • Cultural engagement
    • Academic skills like critical thinking, problem-solving, and writing

Reasons of Diversity

Geography՚s Influence on Diversity

Geography has its influence on our outlook, fooding habits and clothing.

Jammu and Kashmir
  • People here are fair-skinned and generally tall due to the cold climatic conditions.
  • They usually wear warm clothes.
South India
  • Most of the people are dark skinned with medium height.
  • As the climatic conditions are hot and humid, therefore most of the men prefer wear vesti (lungi) . They generally eat rice and coconut.
West Bengal
  • In West Bengal due to hot and humid climatic conditions, most of the people are either brown skinned or dark skinned.
  • People prefer rice and fish generally.
Bihar
  • In Bihar, cold climatic conditions are there in November, hot weather arrives in march.
  • People prefer both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food items.
Gujarat
  • In Gujarat most of the people prefer non-vegetarian foods.
  • There are diverse climatic conditions, the plains are very hot and dry during the summer whereas in winter the plains are cold and dry.

History՚s Influence on Diversity

  • India was home to pre-Aryans, the Indo-Aryans, the Greek. , the Scythians, the Hunas, the Turks, and others.
  • The Aryan elements were equated with the Vedic and Puranic culture of the north whereas the pre-Aryan reflected that of the Dravidian and Tamil culture of the south.
  • The ancient poets and philosophers viewed the country as an integral unit.
  • Janapadas, the states or territorial units were named after different tribes.
  • Many vegetable items like potato, tomato and red chilly came from different countries.
  • Vermicelli or semiya has been in use in India long before noodles became favourite in India.
  • Apart from trade, people also have been travelling in India for pilgrimage and with them different food, culture, clothes, and religion were brought in.
  • Many people started practicing new religions as well.
Kerala
  • Since ancient times, Kerala has been an important centre of trade.
  • Traders from different places came here to trade in spices.
  • About 2000 years ago, Christianity was introduced in Kerala.
  • With the traders coming from the Arab world, Islam was introduced.
  • Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese traveler discovered the sea route between Europe and India and with this European culture came to India.
  • Different religions followed by people in Kerala:
    • Hinduism
    • Buddhism
    • Judaism
    • Christianity
    • Islam
  • The Chinese fishing nets called Cheena-vala are still being used in Kerala.
  • Cheenachatti, a utensil used in Kerala for frying is further a reflection of very old trade connections with China.

Diversity in India

  • India is a country with a highly diverse culture.
  • People following almost all major religions world over live in India.
  • Different religions are different in many aspects:
    • Customs
    • Festivals
    • Beliefs
    • Eating habits
    • Traditional costumes

Unity in Diversity

  • The late former Prime Minister of India Mr Jawaharlal Nehru coined the term ‘Unity in Diversity.’
  • Britishers thought India as a soft target for ruling because of the diverse culture.
  • Indian people irrespective of religious or cultural differences struggled for freedom and proved Britishers wrong.

Applications in Many Field

Unity in Diversity- Applications in Many Field
Ecology

It is a branch of Biology that defines the relationship between living things and their surroundings.

Cosmology

It is a branch of astronomy that deals with the studies of the origin and evolution of the universe.

Philosophy
  • It is concerned with the study of ideas and beliefs w. r. t the meaning of life.
  • It takes into account fundamental questions related to reason, existence, knowledge, values, mind, and language.
Religion
  • It is defined as the belief in a god or gods along with the activities connected.
  • It is a social-cultural system comprising behaviors and practices, morals, worldviews, Texts, etc.
Politics

It simply means making decisions in groups and other forms of power relations among individuals.

Diversity in Family

Existence of a rich variety of compositions in families such as mix gender, ethnicity, sexuality, and marital history.

Dimensions of Family Diversity

Race/Ethnicity
  • It represents a growing proportion of society.
  • It includes substantial numbers of interracial couples and transnational families.
Socioeconomic Status

It is defined in terms of a family՚s combined index that includes income, education, occupational prestige apart from the number of related adults and dependent children.

Gender
  • It is related to social meanings regarding masculinity and femininity being produced through social processes and interactions.
  • As far as sex is concerned it is related to biological distinctions between a man and a woman.
Sexual Orientation

This is related to an individual՚s beliefs, attractions, and behaviors towards members of the opposite and same sex.

Family Structure
  • Focusing on the impact of different family forms such as first married families, divorced families, and remarried families.
  • Children in single parent families and remarried families suffer disadvantages on measures of academic performance, psychological adjustment, conduct, social competence, etc. when compared with children coming from first married families.
  • There is a stronger effect of family processes on the wellbeing of family members.
Family Process
  • This refers to the interpersonal dynamics say for e. g. , support, communication, decision making, conflict resolution, violence.
  • Interpersonal dynamics may exist among parent – child, husband – wife, partner interactions.

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