Class 6 Civics Chapter 3 Forms of Government, Timocracy, Theocracy, Tyranny, Federalism, Economic Systems (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Government

Forms of Government

  • Timocracy
  • Theocracy
  • Tyranny
  • Federalism

Timocracy

  • Aristotle՚s Politics.
  • It is a state where only property owners may participate in government.
  • Here the power is derived entirely from wealth.
  • There is no regard for social or civic responsibility.
  • It may become a plutocracy, a society that is ruled or controlled by people of great wealth or income.

Theocracy

  • In this form of government, the supreme ruling authority is a recognized deity of some type.
  • Divine guidance is given to human intermediaries for managing the day-to-day affairs of the government.
  • Theocracy word has been derived from the Greek word (theocratia) meaning “the rule of God” .

Tyranny

  • A tyrant in the modern English language has been derived from Ancient Greek word tyrannos which means an absolute ruler.
  • The absolute ruler is unrestrained by law.
  • Tyrants are often portrayed as cruel.
  • They may defend their positions by resorting to repressive means.
  • Accusations of tyranny can be applied to a variety of types of government:
    • Government by one individual.
    • Government by a minority.
    • Government by a majority.

Federalism

  • It is a political concept.
  • Here a group of members are bound together by covenant (a solemn promise to engage in or refrain from a specified action) with a governing representative head for example a country՚s President.
  • It can further be used for describing a system of government wherein there is constitutional division between a central governing authority and constituent political units.
  • This system is based upon democratic principles and institutions.
  • The national and provincial/state governments share the governing power.
  • Proponents are often called federalists.

Economic Systems

Economic Systems

Capitalism

  • It is a social-economic system.
  • The means of production such as machines, tools, factories, etc. are under private ownership with profit making motive.

Communism

  • It is also a social-economic system.
  • Here the means of production are commonly owned either by the people directly, through the commune or by communist society.

Distributism

  • Here widespread property ownership as fundamental right.
  • It is also a social-economic system.
  • The means of production are spread as widely as possible and are not centralized.

Feudalism

  • It is a social-economic system of land ownership and duties.
  • The king used to give some of the land to the lords or nobles who helped him in war times.
  • The nobles gave some of their land to vassals in turn vassals had to do duties for the nobles.
  • Fiefs were the lands of vassals.

Socialism

  • Here the means of production are owned by the workers, democratically and socially.
  • The economic framework may be decentralized.

Statism

  • Here at the expense of individual freedom, concentration of power is in the state.
  • It is also a social-economic system.

Welfare State

It is a social-economic system wherein the state plays a crucial role in protecting and promoting the economic and social well-being of the citizens.

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