Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 Panchayati Raj, Levels of Panchayati Raj, Gram Sabha (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for CBSE/Class-6 : get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of CBSE/Class-6.

Panchayati Raj

Introduction

  • It is the system of local self-government of villages in rural India.
  • This is opposed to urban and suburban municipalities.
  • In other words, one can say that Panchayati Raj is a three-tier structure of the Indian administration for rural development.
  • Developing local self-governments in districts, zones and villages is the main objective.

Three Levels of the Panchayati Raj

Three Levels of the Panchayati Raj

Gram Panchayat

  • This is a basic village governing institute in Indian villages.
  • Office term is five years.
  • At the grassroot level, Gram Panchayat is a democratic structure.
  • It not only acts as a political institute but also as a cabinet of the village.
  • People over the age of 18 with residence of the territory of the village can vote.
The Gram Sabha
  • It functions as the work as the general body of Gram Panchayat.
  • It also elects the members of the Gram panchayat.
  • At present there are about 250,000-gram panchayats in India.
Functions of Gram Panchayat
Administrative Functions
  • Public work and welfare functions.
  • Install and maintain street lamps.
  • Provide primary education.
Social and Economic Functions
  • Constructing libraries, marriage halls, etc.
  • Establishing and running fair-price shops along with cooperative credit societies.
  • Establishing gardens, ponds, and orchards.

Panchayat Samiti at the Block Level

  • It acts as the rural local government (panchayat) body at the intermediate tehsil (taluka/mandal) .
  • Panchayat samiti functions for the villages of the tehsil, known as development block.
  • It simply acts as the link between the gram panchayat (village council) and the zila parishad (district board) .
The Constitution ( 73rd Amendment) Act, 1992
  • This has added a new part IX consisting of 16 Articles along with the Eleventh Schedule to the Constitution.
  • This amendment envisages the Gram Sabha as the foundation of the Panchayati Raj System.
  • This amendment defines the levels of Panchayati raj institution as:
    • District (or apex) level
    • Intermediate level
    • Base level
  • This act has also transformed the representative democracy into participatory democracy.
Common Departments Found in a Panchayat Samiti
Common Departments Found in a Panchayat Samiti

Zila Parishad at the District Level

  • It acts as an official body that coordinates the activities of the Panchayats w. r. t all the developmental activities:
    • Minor irrigation works.
    • Vocational and industrial schools.
    • Village industries.
    • Sanitation and public health.
  • It further advises the State Government on all matters relating to the Gram Panchayats and Panchayat Samitis.
  • It also supervises the work of the Panchayats.
  • The function is mostly through various Standing Committees.
Sources of Income
  • Taxes on water.
  • Pilgrimage.
  • Markets
  • With the approval of the government of India, the Zila Parishad can collect some money from the panchayats.

Developed by: