Class 6 Civics Chapter 5 Panchayati Raj, Committees Appointed by the Government of India, PESA Act of 1996 (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Committees Appointed by the Government of India

Balwant Rai Mehta Committee & Panchayati Raj

  • This committee was appointed in 1957.
  • This committee suggested the establishment of a democratic decentralized local government.

Recommendations by the Committee

  • Three-tier Panchayati Raj system.
  • Planning and development are the main objectives.
  • Panchayat Samiti should be the executive body.
  • Zila Parishad should act as the advisory and supervisory body.
  • The chairman of the Zila Parishad should be the District Collector.
  • Gram panchayat should be constituted by the directly elected representatives.
  • The Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad to be constituted by the Panchayat Samiti.

Ashok Mehta Committee & Panchayati Raj

  • This committee was appointed in 1977.
  • Objective to revive and strengthen the declining Panchayati Raj system.

Recommendations by the Committee

  • Replacing three tier system with a two-tier system:
    • Zila Parishad (district level) .
    • Mandal Panchayat (a group of villages) .
  • After the state level, District level to act as the first level of supervision.
  • Zila Parishad should be the executive body and it should also be responsible for planning at the district level.
  • To have compulsory taxation powers:
    • Zila Parishad
    • The Mandal Panchayat

G V K Rao Committee & Panchayati Raj

This committee was appointed in the year 1985.

Recommendations by the Committee

  • Zila Parishad to be the most important body.
  • Specific planning to be assigned to the district and the lower levels of the Panchayati Raj system apart from the implementation and monitoring of the rural developmental programmes.
  • To create Post of District Development Commissioner.
  • District Development Commissioner to act as the chief executive officer of the Zila Parishad.
  • Regular elections to be held to the levels of Panchayati Raj systems.

L M Singhvi Committee & Panchayati Raj

  • This committee was appointed by the Government of India in 1986.
  • Objective to recommend steps to revitalise the Panchayati Raj systems w. r. t democracy and development.

Recommendations by the Committee

  • The Panchayati Raj systems should be constitutionally recognised.
  • To make the gram panchayat more viable, reorganisation of villages.
  • More financial support to village panchayats for their activities.
  • Setting up judicial tribunals in each state for adjudicating matters relating to the elections to the Panchayati Raj institutions.

PESA Act of 1996

  • Extending the provisions of Part IX to the scheduled areas.
  • Providing self-rule for the tribal population.
  • Having village governance with participatory democracy.
  • Evolving participatory governance consistent w. r. t to traditional practices.
  • Tribal population՚s traditions and customs need to be protected.
  • Empowering panchayats with powers conducive to tribal requirements.

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