Class 6 Civics Chapter 6 Rural Administration, Administration in Rural Areas, Gram Sabha, Police Station, Patwari, Land Village Management, New Law (For CBSE, ICSE, IAS, NET, NRA 2022)

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Rural Administration

Introduction

  • Administration can be defined as the act of managing duties, responsibilities, and rules.
  • In other words, one can say that administration refers to the group of individuals who are responsible for creating rules, regulations and enforcing the same.
  • As of 2019, there is a total of 664,369 villages in India.
  • There is total 741 districts as of 2021 up from the 640 in the 2011 Census of India, 593 recorded in the 2001 Census of India.

Administration in Rural Areas

Administration in Rural Areas

Gram Sabha

  • It consists of committees for carrying out functions of maintaining peace and order, village markets, sale or consumption of intoxicants, control over money lending, management of water bodies, etc.
  • Despite taking issues to the police level, the Panchayati Raj can solve land dispute problems.

Work and Areas of the Police Station

  • Every police station has a fixed area that comes under its control.
  • Local people can file or register complaints (written form) that may vary from theft, injury, fight, accident, etc.
  • F. I. R. is the report lodged or filed.
  • Disputes commonly arising in the rural areas are the land disputes.

Patwari

  • Patwari is the government official responsible for keeping records related to the ownership of land.
  • He also maintains and updates the records of the village.
  • Every Patwari is responsible for a group of villages.
  • He looks after the collection of land revenue from the farmers apart from providing information to the govt. related to the crops grown in the area.
  • In different states the Patwari is known by different names:
    • Lekhpal
    • Kanungo or Karamchari
    • Village Officer
  • Key information related to the land record of a particular plot:
    • Current owner of the land.
    • Area of the land.
    • Crop grown.
    • Boundary of the land.
    • Any other facility on the land.

Land Village Management

  • Districts in India are further sub-divided and known by different names such as tehsil, taluka, etc.
  • Collector is the head of the district with revenue officers or tehsildars work under him.
  • It is also the responsibility of the tehsildar to supervise the work of Patwari regarding land revenue collection.
  • Other duties of the tehsildar:
    • Performing administrative tasks.
      • Providing copes of land records to the farmers.
      • Hearing land disputes.

Use of Land Records

  • These records are useful for both the government and the general public.
  • Both buyer and the seller need land records.
  • A person has to show the land records to the bank in case he wants to avail loan against his land.
  • Land records are required when a person divides his/her property among the children.

New Law

The Hindu Succession Amendment Act (2005)

  • This Act came into force from September 2005.
  • It is an amendment to the Hindu Succession Act, 1956.
  • Initially this act was meant for removing gender discriminatory provisions property rights in the Hindu Succession Act, 1956.
  • An equal share of land is given to the sons, daughters, and the mothers.
Hindu Succession Act, 1956
  • It is an Act of the Parliament of India.
  • Amending and codifying the law relating to:
    • Intestate or unwilled succession.
    • Among Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs.
  • A uniform and comprehensive system of inheritance and succession is laid down by this act.
  • This Act further abolished the Hindu woman՚s limited estate.
  • This Act applies to the following:
    • A person who is Hindu by religion in any of its forms or developments including a
      • Virashaiva
      • A Lingayat
      • Follower of the Brahmo, Prarthana or Arya Samaj
    • Any person who is Buddhist, Sikh by religion.
    • To any other person who is not a Muslim, Christian, Parsi, or Jew by religion except the fact that the concerned person is not governed by the Hindu Law or by any custom or usage.

Other Public Services in Rural Areas

Medical Healthcare Facilities

  • There are villages with small and bigger hospitals.
  • The healthcare workers serve the villages where there are no hospitals.

Schools

Presence of Govt. schools in many villages.

Milk Society

  • The milk cooperatives are responsible for establishing milk societies.
  • More cows and other dairy animals are reared due to formation of milk cooperatives.
  • Milk societies function as a collection centre for milk.

Anganwaadi Centre

  • Formation of these centres to serve poor children.
  • Apart from free meals some basic medicines are also given to the children.

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