NCERT Class 9 Economics Chapter 3: Poverty as a challenge Economy Completes Notes Part 2

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Poverty as a Challenge

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  • Landlessness

  • Unemployment

  • Size of families

  • Illiteracy

  • Poor health/malnutrition

  • Child labor

  • Helplessness

Now what are the issues related to poverty because of poverty you have kind of problems related to landlessness the size of family affects the poverty level then you have illiteracy the level of education the health facilities the malnutrition, child labor and you can say joblessness helplessness and landlessness are all related to poverty.

Poverty in Vulnerable Groups - 2000

Poverty in vulnerable groups

Poverty in Vulnerable Groups

However if we talk about certain groups in the society you have the average Indian poverty ratio that comes around 26. However if you come up to specific sections of vulnerable groups you have nearly 51% poverty that are seen in schedule tribes then you have the urban casual labourses 50% then you have the kind of rural agricultural labours and schedule caste which also contribute much higher percentage than the average percentage.

  • Hunger

  • Lack of Shelter

  • Lack of resource to spend on education

  • Lack of clean water

  • Lack of sanitation

  • Ill-Treated

  • Mahatma Gandhi: India would be truly independent only when the poorest of its people become free of human suffering

  • Vulnerability – greater probability of certain community to remain poor in coming years

As a result you have problems that are related to food security, so you have hunger, lack of shelter, lack of clean water and sanitation facilities again poor people might be ill-treated so Gandhiji had rightly said India would be truly independent only when the poorest of the poor is free from human suffering.

So it’s the basic focus was on the poverty since the time of independence and we have been working hard to work around the issue of poverty so there have been many anti-poverty measures that have been taken.

Causes of Poverty

  • British Rule

  • Rural economy

  • Income inequality

  • Heavy pressure on population

  • Unemployment and underemployment

  • Lack of industrialization

  • Social factors

  • India’s economic policy

  • Neo liberal policies and effects

  • Less job opportunities

  • Unequal distribution of assets

  • Lack of land resources

Now what are the basic causes, so I can say it has started all with the colonial era so most of the kind of wealth a drain or I could say the drain which took from India was the main cause of poverty so the rural economy was affected most of the Resources that we had were taken away by the British so there was with a rise in population there is heavy pressure on the land it creates problem related to unemployment and underemployment there is not enough industrialization to accommodate people then there are social factors economic policies that affect kind of certain sectors badly and there has been problems of poverty which are seen rising in certain sectors with technological advancement, there is less requirement for man power.

Again there has been unequal distribution of assets as we have talked about recent study where sixty percent of the wealth is accumulated by only one percent of the top Indian population. So you have the lack of land resources so all these are some of the major causes of the poverty.

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