NCERT Class 10 Geography Chapter 2: Forest & Wildlife Resources Completes Notes Part 6

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Forest & Wildlife Resources

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Project Tiger

  • Launched – 1973

  • 1985 – 4002 tigers

  • 1989 – 4334 tigers

  • 1993 – 3600 tigers

  • 2006- 1,411 tigers

  • 2011- 1,706 tigers

  • 2014- 2,226 tigers

  • 2016 – 2,500 tigers

  • Corbett National Park in Uttaranchal

  • Sunderbans National Park in W. Bengal

  • Bandhavgarh National Park in MP

  • Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan

  • Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam

  • Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala

  • Total reserves - 50

Image of Tiger Population of 2016

Image of Tiger Population of 2016

Now let’s talk about the one of the projects that is project tiger it was launched in 1973 if you look on to the statistics in 1985 there were 4000 tigers which decreased in 2011 to nearly 1700and then there was a further momentum to increase the number of the tigers or to protect the habitat so in 2016 there were nearly 2,500 tigers at were seen.

Now India is the only nation in the world which has both tiger and lion population that exists that coexist and if we look onto the starting stake among the other nations that are seen here India is the only nation that has the highest tiger population in the world some of the major tiger reserves are the Corbett National Park in Uttaranchal, Sunderbans National Park in West Bengal, Bandhavgarh National Park in Madhya Pradesh, Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary in Rajasthan, Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam, Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala and with this we nearly at present as of 2016-17 we have 50 tiger reserves that are present in India.

Forest Area

  • Reserved Forests: More than 50%. Regarded as the most valuable as far as the conservation of forest and wildlife resources are concerned. (Permanent Forest Estates)

  • Protected Forests: Almost 1/3rd of total forest area and this is protected from any further depletion. (Permanent Forest Estates)

  • Unclassed Forests: These are other forests and wastelands belonging to both government and private individuals and communities.

  • MP – 75% forest as permanent forest estates

  • Bihar, Haryana, Punjab, HP, Orissa and Rajasthan – Protected

  • J & K, Andhra Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and Maharashtra – Reserved

  • All NE states and parts of Gujarat – High percent of unclassed forest

Now classifying the forest areas, forest can be classified broadly into three categories that is reserved protected and unclassed both reserved and protected are part of the permanent forest estates, now reserved are those which are more than cover nearly more than 50% of the area they are considered as most valuable in terms of preservation of the forest and wildlife the protected are those which are protected from any further depletion unclassed forests are those which are under either government or private but are not classified into a reserved of protected.

75% of the forest area in Madhya Pradesh is protected. In Bihar, Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Orissa and Rajasthan you have higher proportion of protected forests in contrast to that when it comes to Jammu Kashmir, Andhra Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and Maharashtra you have more proportion of reserved forest. All of the north east states along with parts of Gujarat have high proportion of unclassed forest. Which is not categorized either as reserved or protected.

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